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2016ApJ...824...75O - Astrophys. J., 824, 75-75 (2016/June-3)

New neutron-capture measurements in 23 open clusters. I the r-process.


Abstract (from CDS):

Neutron-capture elements, those with Z > 35, are the least well understood in terms of nucleosynthesis and formation environments. The rapid neutron-capture, or r-process, elements are formed in the environments and/or remnants of massive stars, while the slow neutron-capture, or s-process, elements are primarily formed in low-mass AGB stars. These elements can provide much information about Galactic star formation and enrichment, but observational data are limited. We have assembled a sample of 68 stars in 23 open clusters that we use to probe abundance trends for six neutron-capture elements (Eu, Gd, Dy, Mo, Pr, and Nd) with cluster age and location in the disk of the Galaxy. In order to keep our analysis as homogeneous as possible, we use an automated synthesis fitting program, which also enables us to measure multiple (3-10) lines for each element. We find that the pure r-process elements (Eu, Gd, and Dy) have positive trends with increasing cluster age, while the mixed r- and s-process elements (Mo, Pr, and Nd) have insignificant trends consistent with zero. Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, and Dy have similar, slight (although mostly statistically significant) gradients of ∼0.04 dex kpc–1. The mixed elements also appear to have nonlinear relationships with RGC.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: abundances - open clusters and associations: general - stars: abundances

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/824/75): stars.dat table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table6.dat table7.dat table9.dat>

Simbad objects: 103

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