Astrophys. J., 827, 21-21 (2016/August-2)
CSO and CARMA observations of L1157. II. Chemical complexity in the shocked outflow.
BURKHARDT A.M., DOLLHOPF N.M., CORBY J.F., CARROLL P.B., SHINGLEDECKER C.N., LOOMIS R.A., BOOTH S.T., BLAKE G.A., HERBST E., REMIJAN A.J. and McGUIRE B.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
L1157, a molecular dark cloud with an embedded Class 0 protostar possessing a bipolar outflow, is an excellent source for studying shock chemistry, including grain-surface chemistry prior to shocks, and post-shock, gas-phase processing. The L1157-B1 and B2 positions experienced shocks at an estimated ∼2000 and 4000 years ago, respectively. Prior to these shock events, temperatures were too low for most complex organic molecules to undergo thermal desorption. Thus, the shocks should have liberated these molecules from the ice grain-surfaces en masse, evidenced by prior observations of SiO and multiple grain mantle species commonly associated with shocks. Grain species, such as OCS, CH_3OH, and HNCO, all peak at different positions relative to species that are preferably formed in higher-velocity shocks or repeatedly shocked material, such as SiO and HCN. Here, we present high spatial resolution (∼3'') maps of CH_3OH, HNCO, HCN, and HCO^+ in the southern portion of the outflow containing B1 and B2, as observed with Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-Wave Astronomy. The HNCO maps are the first interferometric observations of this species in L1157. The maps show distinct differences in the chemistry within the various shocked regions in L1157B. This is further supported through constraints of the molecular abundances using the non-LTE code radex. We find that the east/west chemical differentiation in C2 may be explained by the contrast of the shock's interaction with either cold, pristine material or warm, previously shocked gas, as seen in enhanced HCN abundances. In addition, the enhancement of the HNCO abundance toward the the older shock, B2, suggests the importance of high-temperature O-chemistry in shocked regions.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
astrochemistry - ISM: individual objects: L1157 - ISM: molecules - ISM: molecules
Fig. 2, Table 2: [BDC2016] BNa (Nos B0k-B0l, B2d).
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