Astrophys. J., 827, 96-96 (2016/August-3)
A WISE census of young stellar objects in Canis Major.
FISCHER W.J., PADGETT D.L., STAPELFELDT K.L. and SEWILO M.
Abstract (from CDS):
With the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), we searched for young stellar objects (YSOs) in a 100 deg^2 region centered on the lightly studied Canis Major star-forming region. Applying stringent magnitude cuts to exclude the majority of extragalactic contaminants, we find 144 Class I candidates and 335 Class II candidates. The sensitivity to Class II candidates is limited by their faintness at the distance to Canis Major (assumed as 1000 pc). More than half the candidates (53%) are found in 16 groups of more than four members, including four groups with more than 25 members each. The ratio of Class II to Class I objects, NII/NI, varies from 0.4 to 8.3 in just the largest four groups. We compare our results to those obtainable with combined Two Micron All Sky Survey and post-cryogenic Spitzer Space Telescope data; the latter approach recovers missing Class II sources. Via a comparison to protostars characterized with the Herschel Space Observatory, we propose new WISE color criteria for flat-spectrum and Class 0 protostars, finding 80 and 7 of these, respectively. The distribution of YSOs in CMa OB1 is consistent with supernova-induced star formation, although the diverse NII/NI ratios are unexpected if this parameter traces age and the YSOs are due to the same supernova. Less massive clouds feature larger NII/NI ratios, suggesting that initial conditions play a role in determining this quantity.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - stars: formation - stars: protostars - stars: protostars
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/827/96): table1.dat>
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