2016ApJ...829..108E


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.11.30CET23:00:55

2016ApJ...829..108E - Astrophys. J., 829, 108-108 (2016/October-1)

Bayesian mass estimates of the Milky Way: the dark and light sides of parameter assumptions.

EADIE G.M. and HARRIS W.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present mass and mass profile estimates for the Milky Way (MW) Galaxy using the Bayesian analysis developed by Eadie et al. and using globular clusters (GCs) as tracers of the Galactic potential. The dark matter and GCs are assumed to follow different spatial distributions; we assume power-law model profiles and use the model distribution functions described in Evans et al. and Deason et al. We explore the relationships between assumptions about model parameters and how these assumptions affect mass profile estimates. We also explore how using subsamples of the GC population beyond certain radii affect mass estimates. After exploring the posterior distributions of different parameter assumption scenarios, we conclude that a conservative estimate of the Galaxy's mass within 125 kpc is 5.22×{10}^{11}{M}_☉, with a 50% probability region of (4.79,5.63)×{10}^{11}{M}_☉. Extrapolating out to the virial radius, we obtain a virial mass for the MW of 6.82×{10}^{11}{M}_☉ with 50% credible region of (6.06,7.53)×{10}^{11}{M}_☉({r}vir={185}{-7}^{+7}  kpc). If we consider only the GCs beyond 10 kpc, then the virial mass is 9.02 (5.69,10.86)×{10}^{11}{M}_☉ ({r}vir={198}{-24}^{+19} kpc). We also arrive at an estimate of the velocity anisotropy parameter β of the GC population, which is β=0.28 with a 50% credible region (0.21, 0.35). Interestingly, the mass estimates are sensitive to both the dark matter halo potential and visible matter tracer parameters, but are not very sensitive to the anisotropy parameter.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): dark matter - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - Galaxy: general - Galaxy: halo - globular clusters: general - methods: statistical - methods: statistical

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/829/108): table1.dat>

Simbad objects: 163

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Number of rows : 163

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NGC 104 GlC 00 24 05.359 -72 04 53.20   5.78 4.09     ~ 3584 0
2 NAME Eridanus ClG GrG 00 30 00 -21 30.0           ~ 149 0
3 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11101 1
4 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 9607 1
5 NGC 288 GlC 00 52 45.24 -26 34 57.4   10 8.13     ~ 932 0
6 NGC 362 GlC 01 03 14.26 -70 50 55.6     6.58     ~ 948 0
7 NAME Whiting 1 GlC 02 02 56.8 -03 15 10           ~ 106 0
8 NAME Sgr Stream St* 02 22 +00.0           ~ 671 0
9 NGC 1261 GlC 03 12 16.21 -55 12 58.4     8.63     ~ 434 0
10 Cl Pal 1 GlC 03 33 20.04 +79 34 51.8   17.2       ~ 203 1
11 NAME E 1 GlC 03 55 02.5 -49 36 52           ~ 181 0
12 Cl Pal 2 GlC 04 46 05.91 +31 22 53.4   15       ~ 147 0
13 NGC 1851 GlC 05 14 06.76 -40 02 47.6   8.80 7.23     ~ 1253 0
14 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 15060 1
15 M 79 GlC 05 24 10.59 -24 31 27.3   9.21 8.16     ~ 723 0
16 NGC 2298 GlC 06 48 59.41 -36 00 19.1   10.77 8.89     ~ 430 0
17 NGC 2419 GlC 07 38 08.51 +38 52 54.9     10.05     ~ 824 0
18 Koposov 2 GlC 07 58 17.00 +26 15 19.4           ~ 57 1
19 NAME PYX GLOBULAR CL GlC 09 07 57.80 -37 13 17.0           ~ 83 0
20 NGC 2808 GlC 09 12 03.10 -64 51 48.6   7.77 5.69     ~ 1258 0
21 NAME E 3 GlC 09 20 57.07 -77 16 54.8           ~ 130 0
22 NAME Sextans C GlC 10 05 30.96 +00 04 15.4   15.5 13.9     ~ 291 1
23 NGC 3201 GlC 10 17 36.82 -46 24 44.9   9.18 8.24     ~ 736 0
24 GCl 17 GlC 11 29 16.80 +28 58 25.0   14.4       ~ 320 1
25 Koposov 1 GlC 11 59 18.40 +12 15 35.8           ~ 56 0
26 NGC 4147 GlC 12 10 06.149 +18 32 31.78   11.45 10.74     ~ 500 0
27 NGC 4372 GlC 12 25 45.43 -72 39 32.7   10.86 9.85     ~ 266 0
28 C 1235-509 GlC 12 38 40.20 -51 09 01.0           ~ 324 0
29 M 68 GlC 12 39 27.98 -26 44 38.6   10.26 7.96     ~ 888 0
30 NAME NGP reg 12 51 26.275 +27 07 41.70           ~ 1039 0
31 NGC 4833 GlC 12 59 33.92 -70 52 35.4   8.72 7.79     ~ 355 0
32 M 53 GlC 13 12 55.25 +18 10 05.4   8.95 7.79     ~ 723 0
33 NGC 5053 GlC 13 16 27.09 +17 42 00.9     9.96     ~ 544 0
34 NGC 5139 GlC 13 26 47.28 -47 28 46.1   6.12 5.33     ~ 3039 0
35 M 3 GlC 13 42 11.62 +28 22 38.2     6.39     ~ 2279 0
36 NGC 5286 GlC 13 46 26.81 -51 22 27.3   9.18 8.31     ~ 369 0
37 C 1353-269 GlC 13 56 21.702 -27 10 03.00           ~ 104 0
38 NGC 5466 GlC 14 05 27.29 +28 32 04.0   10.5 9.70     ~ 729 0
39 NGC 5634 GlC 14 29 37.28 -05 58 35.1   10.69 10.05     ~ 251 0
40 NGC 5694 GlC 14 39 36.52 -26 32 18.0   11.58 10.89     ~ 269 0
41 IC 4499 GlC 15 00 18.57 -82 12 49.6     8.56     ~ 313 0
42 NGC 5824 GlC 15 03 58.612 -33 04 06.70   10.28 9.56     ~ 345 0
43 NAME Serpens Dwarf GlC 15 16 05.30 -00 06 41.0   15.1       ~ 632 1
44 NGC 5897 GlC 15 17 24.40 -21 00 36.4   10.16 8.52     ~ 342 0
45 M 5 GlC 15 18 33.22 +02 04 51.7   7.34 5.95     ~ 1787 0
46 NGC 5927 GlC 15 28 00.69 -50 40 22.9   10.13 8.86     ~ 407 0
47 NGC 5946 GlC 15 35 28.58 -50 39 35.0   11.98 10.72     ~ 167 0
48 ESO 224-8 OpC 15 39 05.4 -50 03 02           ~ 53 0
49 NGC 5986 GlC 15 46 03.00 -37 47 11.1     6.92     ~ 309 0
50 GCl 38 GlC 16 10 59.00 +14 57 42.0           ~ 331 0
51 Cl Lynga 7 GlC 16 11 03.65 -55 19 04.0           ~ 91 0
52 M 80 GlC 16 17 02.41 -22 58 33.9           ~ 624 0
53 M 4 GlC 16 23 35.22 -26 31 32.7           ~ 1688 0
54 NGC 6101 GlC 16 25 48.12 -72 12 07.9   10.90 10.08     ~ 242 0
55 NGC 6144 GlC 16 27 13.86 -26 01 24.6   10.55 9.63     ~ 205 0
56 NGC 6139 GlC 16 27 39.987 -38 50 57.03   11.03 9.68     ~ 181 0
57 ESO 390-6 GlC 16 28 40.10 -35 21 13.0     12.0     ~ 76 0
58 M 107 GlC 16 32 31.86 -13 03 13.6   9.96 8.85     ~ 710 0
59 ESO 452-11 GlC 16 39 25.50 -28 23 52.0           ~ 44 0
60 M 13 GlC 16 41 41.634 +36 27 40.75     5.8     ~ 2020 0
61 NGC 6229 GlC 16 46 58.641 +47 31 36.38   9.38 9.86     ~ 315 0
62 M 12 GlC 16 47 14.18 -01 56 54.7   8.52 6.07     ~ 583 0
63 NAME 2MASS-GC03 GlC 16 52 10.602 -47 03 29.00           ~ 37 0
64 NGC 6235 GlC 16 53 25.36 -22 10 38.8   11.99 7.20     ~ 161 0
65 M 10 GlC 16 57 09.05 -04 06 01.1     4.98     ~ 692 0
66 NGC 6256 GlC 16 59 32.68 -37 07 17.1           ~ 116 0
67 GCl 50 GlC 16 59 51.1 -00 32 00   15.70       ~ 165 1
68 M 62 GlC 17 01 12.60 -30 06 44.5   8.55 7.39     ~ 521 0
69 M 19 GlC 17 02 37.69 -26 16 04.6   8.45 5.57     ~ 311 1
70 NGC 6284 GlC 17 04 28.747 -24 45 51.22   10.72 7.43     ~ 240 0
71 NGC 6287 GlC 17 05 09.4907827015 -22 42 28.100632364   11.49 10.30     ~ 198 0
72 NGC 6293 GlC 17 10 10.42 -26 34 54.2   9.96 9.02     ~ 243 0
73 NGC 6304 GlC 17 14 32.25 -29 27 43.3   10.33 9.03     ~ 302 0
74 NGC 6316 GlC 17 16 37.42 -28 08 24.0   10.33 9.03     ~ 178 0
75 M 92 GlC 17 17 07.39 +43 08 09.4     6.52     ~ 1920 0
76 NGC 6325 GlC 17 17 59.27 -23 45 57.7   11.49       ~ 142 0
77 M 9 GlC 17 19 11.78 -18 30 58.5   9.36 8.42     ~ 280 0
78 NGC 6342 GlC 17 21 10.14 -19 35 14.7   11.25 10.01     ~ 246 0
79 NGC 6356 GlC 17 23 34.99 -17 48 46.9   10.01 7.42     ~ 321 1
80 NGC 6355 GlC 17 23 58.65 -26 21 12.3   12.46 11.05     ~ 126 0
81 NGC 6352 GlC 17 25 29.11 -48 25 19.8   9.95 8.87     ~ 342 0
82 IC 1257 Bz? 17 27 06.00 -07 05 00.0           ~ 61 0
83 ESO 454-29 GlC 17 27 33.24 -30 48 07.8           ~ 211 0
84 NGC 6366 GlC 17 27 44.24 -05 04 47.5           ~ 262 0
85 GCl 66.1 GlC 17 30 38.90 -31 35 44.0           ~ 97 0
86 ESO 455-11 GlC 17 31 05.20 -29 58 54.0           ~ 132 0
87 NGC 6362 GlC 17 31 54.99 -67 02 54.0   9.72 8.86     ~ 494 0
88 C 1730-333 GlC 17 33 24.50 -33 23 20.0           ~ 210 2
89 NGC 6380 GlC 17 34 28.00 -39 04 09.0           ~ 97 0
90 ESO 455-23 GlC 17 35 47.80 -30 28 11.0           ~ 201 0
91 NAME Tonantzintla 2 GlC 17 36 10.500 -38 33 12.00   14.5       ~ 67 0
92 NGC 6388 GlC 17 36 17.461 -44 44 08.34   7.40       ~ 813 1
93 M 14 GlC 17 37 36.15 -03 14 45.3   9.55 5.73     ~ 318 0
94 NGC 6401 GlC 17 38 36.93 -23 54 31.5   11.31 10.71     ~ 132 0
95 NGC 6397 GlC 17 40 42.09 -53 40 27.6   7.39 5.17     ~ 1808 1
96 ESO 520-21 GlC 17 43 42.20 -26 13 21.0           ~ 144 0
97 NGC 6426 GlC 17 44 54.71 +03 10 12.5           ~ 189 0
98 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11835 0
99 NAME cl Djorgovski 1 GlC 17 47 28.30 -33 03 56.0           ~ 57 0
100 Cl Terzan 5 Cl* 17 48 05.00 -24 46 48.0           ~ 704 1
101 NGC 6440 GlC 17 48 52.67 -20 21 34.5   12.01 10.10     ~ 472 1
102 NGC 6441 GlC 17 50 13.06 -37 03 05.2   9.26 8.00     ~ 775 0
103 ESO 455-49 GlC 17 50 46.40 -31 16 31.0           ~ 154 0
104 NGC 6453 GlC 17 50 51.77 -34 35 55.1   10.49       ~ 130 0
105 NAME UKS 1 GlC 17 54 27.20 -24 08 43.0           ~ 66 0
106 NGC 6496 GlC 17 59 03.68 -44 15 57.4   9.96       ~ 183 0
107 GCl 80.1 GlC 18 01 38.80 -26 50 23.0           ~ 86 0
108 ESO 456-38 GlC 18 01 49.10 -27 49 33.0           ~ 58 0
109 NGC 6517 GlC 18 01 50.376 -08 57 34.39   11.08       ~ 145 0
110 ESO 521-16 GlC 18 02 57.40 -26 04 00.0           ~ 74 0
111 NGC 6522 GlC 18 03 34.08 -30 02 02.3   10.68 9.48     ~ 458 1
112 NGC 6535 GlC 18 03 50.51 -00 17 51.5   11.35 9.85     ~ 244 0
113 NGC 6528 GlC 18 04 49.61 -30 03 20.8   12.12 10.65     ~ 466 0
114 NGC 6539 GlC 18 04 49.74 -07 35 09.1           ~ 196 0
115 NGC 6540 GlC 18 06 08.60 -27 45 55.0           ~ 90 0
116 NGC 6544 GlC 18 07 20.58 -24 59 50.4   11.36 9.90     ~ 238 0
117 NGC 6541 GlC 18 08 02.36 -43 42 53.6   8.06 7.32     ~ 325 1
118 NAME 2MASS-GC01 GlC 18 08 21.8 -19 49 47           ~ 40 0
119 ESO 280-6 GlC 18 09 06.000 -46 25 24.00           ~ 33 0
120 NGC 6553 GlC 18 09 15.68 -25 54 27.9   9.08       ~ 538 0
121 NAME 2MASS-GC02 GlC 18 09 36.5 -20 46 44           ~ 37 0
122 NGC 6558 GlC 18 10 18.38 -31 45 48.6   12.39 11.29     ~ 180 0
123 IC 1276 GlC 18 10 44.26 -07 12 27.3           ~ 100 0
124 ESO 522-1 GlC 18 12 15.80 -22 44 31.0     14.86     ~ 75 1
125 NGC 6569 GlC 18 13 38.88 -31 49 35.2   10.78 9.47     ~ 189 0
126 [MCM2005b] 1 OpC 18 13 55 -17 56.9           ~ 10 0
127 ESO 456-78 GlC 18 14 06.600 -28 38 06.00           ~ 34 0
128 [MCM2005b] 2 Cl* 18 16 20 -16 50.8           ~ 6 0
129 NGC 6584 GlC 18 18 37.60 -52 12 56.8   10.32 8.17     ~ 248 0
130 NGC 6624 GlC 18 23 40.51 -30 21 39.7           ~ 782 1
131 M 28 GlC 18 24 32.89 -24 52 11.4           ~ 669 0
132 NGC 6638 GlC 18 30 56.25 -25 29 47.1   10.81 9.68     ~ 194 0
133 M 69 GlC 18 31 23.10 -32 20 53.1   9.32 8.31     ~ 407 1
134 NGC 6642 GlC 18 31 54.23 -23 28 34.1   11.30 10.24     ~ 162 0
135 NGC 6652 GlC 18 35 45.63 -32 59 26.6   10.64 9.75     ~ 353 0
136 M 22 GlC 18 36 23.94 -23 54 17.1   7.16 6.17     ~ 1229 0
137 ESO 591-12 GlC 18 41 29.90 -19 49 33.0           ~ 95 0
138 M 70 GlC 18 43 12.76 -32 17 31.6   9.76 9.06     ~ 335 0
139 NGC 6712 GlC 18 53 04.32 -08 42 21.5   9.85 8.69     ~ 472 0
140 M 54 GlC 18 55 03.33 -30 28 47.5           ~ 918 0
141 NGC 6717 GlC 18 55 06.04 -22 42 05.3   11.29 10.35     ~ 196 0
142 NGC 6723 GlC 18 59 33.15 -36 37 56.1           ~ 433 0
143 NGC 6749 GlC 19 05 15.36 +01 54 00.0     12.4     ~ 128 0
144 NGC 6752 GlC 19 10 52.11 -59 59 04.4   6.96 6.28     ~ 1818 0
145 NGC 6760 GlC 19 11 12.06 +01 01 49.7   11.37 9.78     ~ 207 0
146 M 56 GlC 19 16 35.57 +30 11 00.5   8.90       ~ 365 0
147 Cl Terzan 7 GlC 19 17 43.92 -34 39 27.8           ~ 367 0
148 GCl 111 GlC 19 18 02.10 +18 34 18.0           ~ 90 0
149 Cl Arp 2 GlC 19 28 44.11 -30 21 20.3     12.41     ~ 304 0
150 M 55 GlC 19 39 59.71 -30 57 53.1     6.49     ~ 767 0
151 Cl Terzan 8 GlC 19 41 44.41 -33 59 58.1     11.54     ~ 262 0
152 GCl 114 GlC 19 45 14.40 -08 00 26.0     7.54     ~ 118 0
153 M 71 GlC 19 53 46.49 +18 46 45.1   7.91 6.1     ~ 1028 0
154 M 75 GlC 20 06 04.841 -21 55 20.14     8.26     ~ 317 0
155 NGC 6934 GlC 20 34 11.37 +07 24 16.1   10.48 9.75     ~ 363 0
156 M 72 GlC 20 53 27.70 -12 32 14.3   9.95 8.96     ~ 369 0
157 NGC 7006 GlC 21 01 29.465 +16 11 16.49     10.46     ~ 487 0
158 M 15 GlC 21 29 58.33 +12 10 01.2   3       ~ 2925 0
159 M 2 GlC 21 33 27.02 -00 49 23.7     6.25     ~ 908 1
160 M 30 GlC 21 40 22.12 -23 10 47.5     7.10     ~ 927 0
161 Cl Pal 12 GlC 21 46 38.84 -21 15 09.4     11.89     ~ 455 0
162 GCl 124 GlC 23 06 44.48 +12 46 19.2   15.6       ~ 234 1
163 NGC 7492 GlC 23 08 26.68 -15 36 41.3     10.48     ~ 260 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.11.30-23:00:55

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