Astrophys. J., 829, 133-133 (2016/October-1)
Faraday rotation measure synthesis of intermediate redshift quasars as a probe of intervening matter.
KIM K.S., LILLY S.J., MINIATI F., BERNET M.L., BECK R., O'SULLIVAN S.P. and GAENSLER B.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
There is evidence that magnetized material along the line of sight to distant quasars is detectable in the polarization properties of the background sources. The polarization properties appear to be correlated with the presence of intervening Mg ii absorption, which is thought to arise in outflowing material from star forming galaxies. In order to investigate this further, we have obtained high spectral resolution polarization measurements, with the Very Large Array and the Australia Telescope Compact Array, of a set of 49 unresolved quasars for which we have high quality optical spectra. These enable us to produce a Faraday Depth spectrum for each source, using Rotation Measure (RM) Synthesis. Our new independent radio data confirms that interveners are strongly associated with depolarization. We characterize the complexity of the Faraday Depth spectrum using a number of parameters and show how these are related, or not, to the depolarization and to the presence of Mg ii absorption along the line of sight. We argue that complexity and structure in the Faraday Depth distribution likely arise from both intervening material and intrinsically to the background source and attempt to separate these. We find that the strong radio depolarization effects associated with intervening material at redshifts out to z~1 arise from inhomogeneous Faraday screens producing a dispersion in RM across individual sources of around 10 rad/m2. This is likely produced by disordered fields with strengths of at least 3 µG.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: magnetic fields - quasars: absorption lines - radio continuum: galaxies - techniques: polarimetric - techniques: polarimetric
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