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2016ApJ...831..108L - Astrophys. J., 831, 108-108 (2016/November-1)

Globular clusters, ultracompact dwarfs, and dwarf galaxies in Abell 2744 at a redshift of 0.308.

LEE M.G. and JANG I.S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report a photometric study of globular clusters (GCs), ultracompact dwarfs (UCDs), and dwarf galaxies in the giant merging galaxy cluster Abell 2744 at z = 0.308. Color-magnitude diagrams of the point sources derived from deep F814W (rest frame r') and F105W (rest frame I) images of Abell 2744 in the Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Field show a rich population of point sources, which have colors that are similar to those of typical GCs. These sources are as bright as -14.9<M_r\leqslant-11.4 (26.0 < F814W(Vega) <= 29.5) mag, being mostly UCDs and bright GCs in Abell 2744. The luminosity function (LF) of these sources shows a break at M_r~-12.9 (F814W ≃ 28.0) mag, indicating a boundary between UCDs and bright GCs. The numbers of GCs and UCDs are estimated to be 1,711,640+589,760–430,500 and 147 ± 26, respectively. The clustercentric radial number density profiles of the UCDs and bright GCs show similar slopes, but these profiles are much steeper than those of the dwarf galaxies and the mass density profile based on gravitational lensing analysis. We derive an LF of the red sequence galaxies for -22.9<M_r\leqslant-13.9 mag. The faint end of this LF is fit well by a flat power law with α=-1.14±0.08, showing no faint upturn. These results support the galaxy-origin scenario for bright UCDs: they are the nuclei of dwarf galaxies that are stripped when they pass close to the center of massive galaxies or a galaxy cluster, while some of the faint UCDs are at the bright end of the GCs.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2744 - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: formation - galaxies: luminosity function - galaxies: star clusters: general - mass function - mass function

Simbad objects: 17

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