SIMBAD references

2016ApJS..224...40W - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 224, 40-40 (2016/June-0)

CHANDRA ACIS survey of X-ray point sources: the source catalog.

WANG S., LIU J., QIU Y., BAI Y., YANG H., GUO J. and ZHANG P.

Abstract (from CDS):

The Chandra archival data is a valuable resource for various studies on different X-ray astronomy topics. In this paper, we utilize this wealth of information and present a uniformly processed data set, which can be used to address a wide range of scientific questions. The data analysis procedures are applied to 10,029 Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer observations, which produces 363,530 source detections belonging to 217,828 distinct X-ray sources. This number is twice the size of the Chandra Source Catalog (Version 1.1). The catalogs in this paper provide abundant estimates of the detected X-ray source properties, including source positions, counts, colors, fluxes, luminosities, variability statistics, etc. Cross-correlation of these objects with galaxies shows that 17,828 sources are located within the D25 isophotes of 1110 galaxies, and 7504 sources are located between the D25 and 2D25 isophotes of 910 galaxies. Contamination analysis with the log N-log S relation indicates that 51.3% of objects within 2D25 isophotes are truly relevant to galaxies, and the "net" source fraction increases to 58.9%, 67.3%, and 69.1% for sources with luminosities above 1037, 1038, and 1039 erg/s, respectively. Among the possible scientific uses of this catalog, we discuss the possibility of studying intra-observation variability, inter-observation variability, and supersoft sources (SSSs). About 17,092 detected sources above 10 counts are classified as variable in individual observation with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) criterion (PK–S < 0.01). There are 99,647 sources observed more than once and 11,843 sources observed 10 times or more, offering us a wealth of data with which to explore the long-term variability. There are 1638 individual objects (∼2350 detections) classified as SSSs. As a quite interesting subclass, detailed studies on X-ray spectra and optical spectroscopic follow-up are needed to categorize these SSSs and pinpoint their properties. In addition, this survey can enable a wide range of statistical studies, such as X-ray activity in different types of stars, X-ray luminosity functions in different types of galaxies, and multi-wavelength identification and classification of different X-ray populations.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - X-rays: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/224/40): table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat gal.dat>

Nomenclature: Tables 3-5: CXOGSG JHHMMSS.s+DDMMSS N=217828.

Status at CDS : All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD with priority 2.

Simbad objects: 7

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