Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 225, 2-2 (2016/July-0)
The H2 + CO ←> H2CO reaction: rate constants and relevance to hot and dense astrophysical media.
VICHIETTI R.M., SPADA R.F.K., DA SILVA A.B.F., MACHADO F.B.C. and HAIDUKE R.L.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
A theoretical thermochemical and kinetic investigation of the thermal H_2 + CO - H_2CO reaction was performed for a temperature range from 200 to 4000 K. Geometries and vibrational frequencies of reactants, product, and transition state (TS) were obtained at CCSD/cc-pVxZ (x=T and Q) levels and scaling factors were employed to consider anharmonicity effects on vibrational frequencies, zero-point energies, and thermal corrections provided by these methodologies. Enthalpies Gibbs energies, and rate constants for this reaction were determined by including a complete basis set extrapolation correction for the electronic properties calculated at CCSD(T)/cc-pVyZ (y=Q and 5) levels. Our study indicates that enthalpy changes for this reaction are highly dependent on temperature. Moreover, forward and reverse (high-pressure limit) rate constants were obtained from variational TS theory with quantum tunneling corrections. Thus, modified Arrhenius' equations were fitted by means of the best forward and reverse rate constant values, which provide very reliable estimates for these quantities within the temperature range between 700 and 4000 K. To our knowledge, this is the first kinetic study done for the forward H_2 + CO →H_2CO process in a wide temperature range. Finally, these results can be used to explain the formaldehyde abundance in hot and dense interstellar media, possibly providing data about the physical conditions associated with H_2CO masers close to massive star-forming regions.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
astrochemistry - ISM: molecules - molecular processes - molecular processes
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