Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 227, 18-18 (2016/December-0)
A comprehensive search for stellar bowshock nebulae in the Milky Way: a catalog of 709 mid-infrared selected candidates.
KOBULNICKY H.A., CHICK W.T., SCHURHAMMER D.P., ANDREWS J.E., POVICH M.S., MUNARI S.A., OLIVIER G.M., SORBER R.L., WERNKE H.N., DALE D.A. and DIXON D.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We identify 709 arc-shaped mid-infrared nebula in 24 µm Spitzer Space Telescope or 22 µm Wide Field Infrared Explorer surveys of the Galactic Plane as probable dusty interstellar bowshocks powered by early-type stars. About 20% are visible at 8 µm or at shorter mid-infrared wavelengths. The vast majority (660) have no previous identification in the literature. These extended infrared sources are strongly concentrated near the Galactic mid-plane, with an angular scale height of ∼0.deg6. All host a symmetrically placed star implicated as the source of a stellar wind sweeping up interstellar material. These are candidate "runaway" stars potentially having high velocities in the reference frame of the local medium. Among the 286 objects with measured proper motions, we find an unambiguous excess with velocity vectors aligned with the infrared morphology-kinematic evidence that many of these are "runaway" stars with large peculiar motions responsible for the bowshock signature. We discuss a population of "in situ" bowshocks (∼103 objects) that face giant H ii regions where the relative motions between the star and ISM may be caused by bulk outflows from an overpressured bubble. We also identify ∼58 objects that face 8 µm bright-rimmed clouds and apparently constitute a sub-class of in situ bowshocks where the stellar wind interacts with a photoevaporative flow (PEF) from an eroding molecular cloud interface (i.e., "PEF bowshocks"). Orientations of the arcuate nebulae exhibit a correlation over small angular scales, indicating that external influences such as H ii regions are responsible for producing some bowshock nebulae. However, the vast majority of the nebulae in this sample appear to be isolated (499 objects) from obvious external influences.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
dust, extinction - H ii regions - stars: early-type - stars: kinematics and dynamics - Stars: massive - surveys - surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/227/18): table1.dat>
Fig. 13, Table 1 col(1): [KCS2016] NNN (Nos 1-709) = Table 1 col(2): [KCS2016] GLLL.llll+BB.bbbb N=709. Table 1: [KCS2016] JHHMMSS.ss+DDMMSS.s N=709.
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