Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 455, 3702-3723 (2016/February-1)
Features of collisionless turbulence in the intracluster medium from simulated Faraday Rotation maps.
NAKWACKI M.S., KOWAL G., SANTOS-LIMA R., DE GOUVEIA DAL PINO E.M. and FALCETA-GONCALVES D.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Observations of the intracluster medium (ICM) in galaxy clusters suggest for the presence of turbulence and the magnetic fields' existence has been proved through observations of Faraday Rotation (FR) and synchrotron emission. The ICM is also known to be filled by a rarefied weakly collisional plasma. In this work, we study the possible signatures left on FR maps by collisionless instabilities. For this purpose, we use a numerical approach to investigate the dynamics of the turbulence in collisionless plasmas based on an magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) formalism taking into account different levels of pressure anisotropy. We consider models covering the sub/super-Alfvénic and trans/supersonic regimes, one of them representing the fiducial conditions corresponding to the ICM. From the simulated models, we compute FR maps and analyse several statistical indicators in order to characterize the magnetic field structure and compare the results obtained with the collisionless model to those obtained using standard collisional MHD framework. We find that important imprints of the pressure anisotropy prevails in the magnetic field and also manifest in the associated FR maps which evidence smaller correlation lengths in the collisionless MHD case. These points are remarkably noticeable for the case mimicking the conditions prevailing in ICM. Nevertheless, in this study we have neglected the decrease of pressure anisotropy due to the feedback of the instabilities that naturally arise in collisionless plasmas at small scales. This decrease may not affect the statistical imprint differences described above, but should be examined elsewhere.