Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 455, 4031-4045 (2016/February-1)
The complex stellar populations in the background of open clusters in the third Galactic quadrant.
CARRARO G., SELEZNEV A.F., BAUME G. and TURNER D.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
Multicolour photometry of the stellar populations in five fields in the third Galactic quadrant centred on the clusters NGC 2215, NGC 2354, Haffner 22, Ruprecht 11, and ESO489 SC01 is interpreted in terms of a warped and flared Galactic disc, without resort to an external entity such as the popular Monoceros or Canis Major overdensities. Except for NGC 2215, the clusters are poorly or unstudied previously. The data generate basic parameters for each cluster, including the distribution of stars along the line of sight. We use star counts and photometric analysis, without recourse to Galactic-model-based predictions or interpretations, and confirms earlier results for NGC 2215 and NGC 2354. ESO489 SC01 is not a real cluster, while Haffner 22 is an overlooked cluster aged ∼ 2.5 Gyr.
Conclusion. for Ruprecht 11 are preliminary, evidence for a cluster being marginal. Fields surrounding the clusters show signatures of young and intermediate-age stellar populations. The young population background to NGC 2354 and Ruprecht 11 lies ∼ 8-9 kpc from the Sun and ∼ 1 kpc below the formal Galactic plane, tracing a portion of the Norma-Cygnus arm, challenging Galactic models that adopt a sharp cut-off of the disc 12-14 kpc from the Galactic Centre. The old population is metal-poor with an age of ∼ 2-3 Gyr, resembling star clusters like Tombaugh 2 or NGC 2158. It has a large colour spread and is difficult to locate precisely. Young and old populations follow a pattern that depends critically on the vertical location of the thin and/or thick disc, and whether or not a particular line of sight intersects one, both, or none.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
Galaxy: disc - open clusters and associations: general - open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2215 - open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2354 - open clusters and associations: individual: Haffner 22 - open clusters and associations: individual: Ruprecht 11 - open clusters and associations: individual: ESO489 SC01 - Galaxy: structure
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