Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 457, 405-420 (2016/March-3)
Multi-epoch observations of extremely high-velocity emergent broad absorption.
ROGERSON J.A., HALL P.B., RODRIGUEZ HIDALGO P., PIRKOLA P., BRANDT W.N. and FILIZ AK N.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the discovery of the highest velocity C iv broad absorption line to date in the z = 2.47 quasar SDSS J023011.28+005913.6, hereafter J0230. In comparing the public DR7 and DR9 spectra of J0230, we discovered an emerging broad absorption trough outflowing at ∼60 000 km /s, which we refer to as trough A. In pursuing follow up observations of trough A, we discovered a second emergent C iv broad absorption trough outflowing at ∼40 000 km /s, namely trough B. In total, we collected seven spectral epochs of J0230 that demonstrate emergent and rapidly (∼10 d in the rest-frame) varying broad absorption. We investigate two possible scenarios that could cause these rapid changes: bulk motion and ionization variability. Given our multi-epoch data, we were able to rule out some simple models of bulk motion, but have proposed two more realistic models to explain the variability of both troughs. Trough A is likely an augmented 'crossing disc' scenario with the absorber moving at 10 000 < v(km /s) < 18 000. Trough B can be explained by a flow-tube feature travelling across the emitting region at 8000 < v(km /s) < 56 000. If ionization variability is the cause for the changes observed, trough A's absorber has ne >= 724 cm–3 and is at requal >= 2.00 kpc, or is at r < 2.00 kpc with no constraint on the density; trough B's absorber either has ne >= 1540 cm–3 and is at requal >= 1.37 kpc, or is at r < 1.37 kpc with no constraint on the density.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
accretion, accretion discs - quasars: absorption lines - quasars: emission lines - quasars: general - quasars: individual: SDSS J0230+0059
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