Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 457, 2122-2138 (2016/April-1)
Masses and scaling relations for nuclear star clusters, and their co-existence with central black holes.
GEORGIEV I.Y., BOKER T., LEIGH N., LUTZGENDORF N. and NEUMAYER N.
Abstract (from CDS):
Galactic nuclei typically host either a nuclear star cluster (NSC, prevalent in galaxies with masses <=1010 M☉) or a massive black hole (MBH, common in galaxies with masses >=1012 M☉). In the intermediate-mass range, some nuclei host both an NSC and an MBH. In this paper, we explore scaling relations between NSC mass () and host-galaxy total stellar mass () using a large sample of NSCs in late- and early-type galaxies, including a number of NSCs harbouring an MBH. Such scaling relations reflect the underlying physical mechanisms driving the formation and (co)evolution of these central massive objects. We find ∼1.5σ significant differences between NSCs in late- and early-type galaxies in the slopes and offsets of the relations reff,NSC-, reff,NSC- and -, in the sense that (i) NSCs in late types are more compact at fixed and ; and (ii) the - relation is shallower for NSCs in late types than in early types, similar to the - relation. We discuss these results in the context of the (possibly ongoing) evolution of NSCs, depending on host-galaxy type. For NSCs with an MBH, we illustrate the possible influence of an MBH on its host NSC, by considering the ratio between the radius of the MBH sphere of influence and reff,NSC. NSCs harbouring a sufficiently massive black hole are likely to exhibit surface brightness profile deviating from a typical King profile.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: star clusters: general
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/457/2122): tablea1.dat>
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