Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 457, 4272-4284 (2016/April-3)
The overmassive black hole in NGC 1277: new constraints from molecular gas kinematics.
SCHARWACHTER J., COMBES F., SALOME P., SUN M. and KRIPS M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the detection of CO(1-0) emission from NGC 1277, a lenticular galaxy in the Perseus Cluster. NGC 1277 has previously been proposed to host an overmassive black hole (BH) compared to the galaxy bulge luminosity (mass), based on stellar-kinematic measurements. The CO(1-0) emission, observed with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI) using both, a more compact (2.9-arcsec resolution) and a more extended (1-arcsec resolution) configuration, is likely to originate from the dust lane encompassing the galaxy nucleus at a distance of 0.9 arcsec (∼320 pc). The double-horned CO(1-0) profile found at 2.9-arcsec resolution traces 1.5 x 108 M☉ of molecular gas, likely orbiting in the dust lane at ∼550 km/s, which suggests a total enclosed mass of ∼2 x 1010 M☉. At 1-arcsec resolution, the CO(1-0) emission appears spatially resolved along the dust lane in east-west direction, though at a low signal-to-noise ratio. In agreement with the previous stellar-kinematic measurements, the CO(1-0) kinematics is found to be consistent with an ∼1.7 x 1010 M☉ BH for a stellar mass-to-light ratio of M/LV=6.3, while a less massive BH of ∼5 x 109 M☉ is possible when assuming a larger M/LV=10. While the molecular gas reservoir may be associated with a low level of star formation activity, the extended 2.6-mm continuum emission is likely to originate from a weak AGN, possibly characterized by an inverted radio-to-millimetre spectral energy distribution. Literature radio and X-ray data indicate that the BH in NGC 1277 is also overmassive with respect to the Fundamental Plane of BH activity.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: general - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: individual: NGC 1277 - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: nuclei
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