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2016MNRAS.461..385B - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 461, 385-401 (2016/September-1)

Determining the mid-plane conditions of circumstellar discs using gas and dust modelling: a study of HD 163296.


Abstract (from CDS):

The mass of gas in protoplanetary discs is a quantity of great interest for assessing their planet formation potential. Disc gas masses are, however, traditionally inferred from measured dust masses by applying an assumed standard gas-to-dust ratio of g/d=100. Furthermore, measuring gas masses based on CO observations has been hindered by the effects of CO freeze-out. Here we present a novel approach to study the mid-plane gas by combining C^18O line modelling, CO snowline observations and the spectral energy distribution and selectively study the inner tens of au where freeze-out is not relevant. We apply the modelling technique to the disc around the Herbig Ae star HD 163296 with particular focus on the regions within the CO snowline radius, measured to be at 90 au in this disc. Our models yield the mass of C^18O in this inner disc region of M_C^18O(<90 au)∼2×10^{-8} M_☉. We find that most of our models yield a notably low g/d < 20, especially in the disc mid-plane (g/d < 1). Our only models with a more interstellar medium (ISM)-like g/d require C^18O to be underabundant with respect to the ISM abundances and a significant depletion of sub-micron grains, which is not supported by scattered light observations. Our technique can be applied to a range of discs and opens up a possibility of measuring gas and dust masses in discs within the CO snowline location without making assumptions about the gas-to-dust ratio.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): techniques: interferometric - protoplanetary discs - circumstellar matter - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: pre-main sequence

Simbad objects: 15

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