Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 461, 845-858 (2016/September-1)
A self-consistent model for the evolution of the gas produced in the debris disc of β Pictoris.
KRAL Q., WYATT M., CARSWELL R.F., PRINGLE J.E., MATRA L. and JUHASZ A.
Abstract (from CDS):
This paper presents a self-consistent model for the evolution of gas produced in the debris disc of β Pictoris. Our model proposes that atomic carbon and oxygen are created from the photodissociation of CO, which is itself released from volatile-rich bodies in the debris disc due to grain-grain collisions or photodesorption. While the CO lasts less than one orbit, the atomic gas evolves by viscous spreading resulting in an accretion disc inside the parent belt and a decretion disc outside. The temperature, ionization fraction and population levels of carbon and oxygen are followed with the photodissociation region model cloudy, which is coupled to a dynamical viscous α model. We present new gas observations of β Pic, of C i observed with Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment and O i observed with Herschel, and show that these along with published C ii and CO observations can all be explained with this new model. Our model requires a viscosity α > 0.1, similar to that found in sufficiently ionized discs of other astronomical objects; we propose that the magnetorotational instability is at play in this highly ionized and dilute medium. This new model can be tested from its predictions for high-resolution ALMA observations of C i. We also constrain the water content of the planetesimals in β Pic. The scenario proposed here might be at play in all debris discs and this model could be used more generally on all discs with C, O or CO detections.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
accretion, accretion discs - hydrodynamics - interplanetary medium - planet-disc interactions - circumstellar matter - planetary systems - planetary systems
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