Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 597A, 45-45 (2017/1-1)
Deuterium fractionation of a distant cold dark cloud along the line of sight of W51.
VASTEL C., MOOKERJEA B., PETY J. and GERIN M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Herschel/HIFI observations toward the compact HII region W51 has revealed the presence of a cold dense core along its line of sight in a high-velocity stream located just in front of W51. This detection has been made possible through absorption measurements of low-energy transitions of HDO, NH3, and C3 against the bright background emitted by the star-forming region. We present a follow-up study of this core using the high sensitivity and high spectral resolution provided by the IRAM 30m telescope. We report new detections of this core in absorption for DCO+ (2-1, 3-2), H13CO+ (1-0), DNC (3-2), HN13C (1-0), p-H2CO (20,2-10,1, 30,3-20,2), and in emission for o-NH2D. We also report interferometric observation of this last species using the IRAM/NOEMA telescope, revealing the fragmented nature of the source through the detection of two cores, separated by 0.19-0.24pc, with average sizes of less than 0.16-0.19pc. From a non-LTE analysis, we are able to estimate the density (∼2.5x104cm–3) and temperature (∼10K) of this component, typical of what is found in dark clouds. This component (called W51-core) has the same DCO+/HCO+ ratio (0.02) as TMC-1 and a high DNC/HNC ratio (0.14). Detection of these deuterated species indicates that W51-core is similar to an early-phase low-mass star-forming region, formed from the interaction between the W51 giant molecular cloud and the high-velocity stream in front of it. The W51 complex being at about 5kpc, these findings lead to what is the first detection of the earliest phase of low-mass star-forming region at such a large distance.
© ESO, 2016
astrochemistry - line: identification - molecular data - radiative transfer
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<Available at CDS (J/A+A/597/A45): list.dat fits/*>
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