Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 602A, 82-82 (2017/6-1)
CFBDSIR 2149-0403: young isolated planetary-mass object or high-metallicity low-mass brown dwarf?
DELORME P., DUPUY T., GAGNE J., REYLE C., FORVEILLE T., LIU M.C., ARTIGAU E., ALBERT L., DELFOSSE X., ALLARD F., HOMEIER D., MALO L., MORLEY C., NAUD M.E. and BONNEFOY M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Aims. We conducted a multi-wavelength, multi-instrument observational characterisation of the candidate free-floating planet CFBDSIR J214947.2-040308.9, a late T-dwarf with possible low-gravity features, in order to constrain its physical properties.
Methods. We analysed nine hours of X-shooter spectroscopy with signal detectable from 0.8 to 2.3µm, as well as additional photometry in the mid-infrared using the Spitzer Space Telescope. Combined with a VLT/HAWK-I astrometric parallax, this enabled a full characterisation of the absolute flux from the visible to 5µm, encompassing more than 90% of the expected energy emitted by such a cool late T-type object. Our analysis of the spectrum also provided the radial velocity and therefore the determination of its full 3D kinematics.
Results. While our new spectrum confirms the low gravity and/or high metallicity of CFBDSIR 2149, the parallax and kinematics safely rule out membership to any known young moving group, including AB Doradus. We use the equivalent width of the KI doublet at 1.25µm as a promising tool to discriminate the effects of low-gravity from the effects of high-metallicity on the emission spectra of cool atmospheres. In the case of CFBDSIR 2149, the observed KI doublet clearly favours the low-gravity solution.
Conclusions. CFBDSIR 2149 is therefore a peculiar late-T dwarf that is probably a young, planetary-mass object (2-13MJup, <500Myr) possibly similar to the exoplanet 51 Eri b, or perhaps a 2-40MJup brown dwarf with super-solar metallicity.
© ESO, 2017
brown dwarfs - planets and satellites: gaseous planets - stars: atmospheres - methods: observational - techniques: spectroscopic - techniques: spectroscopic
Fig.1 some objects not identified (incomplete format)
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