Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 607A, 10-10 (2017/11-1)
The AB Doradus system revisited: The dynamical mass of AB Dor A/C.
AZULAY R., GUIRADO J.C., MARCAIDE J.M., MARTI-VIDAL I., ROS E., TOGNELLI E., JAUNCEY D.L., LESTRADE J.-F. and REYNOLDS J.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. The study of pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars with model-independent measurements of their masses is essential to check the validity of theoretical models of stellar evolution. The well-known PMS binary AB Dor A/C is an important benchmark for this task, since it displays intense and compact radio emission, which makes possible the application of high-precision astrometric techniques to this system.
Aims. We aim to revisit the dynamical masses of the components of AB Dor A/C to refine earlier comparisons between the measurements of stellar parameters and the predictions of stellar models.
Methods. We observed in phase-reference mode the binary AB Dor A/C, 0.2'' separation, with the Australian Long Baseline Array at 8.4GHz. The astrometric information resulting from our observations was analyzed along with previously reported VLBI, optical (HIPPARCOS), and infrared measurements.
Results. The main star AB Dor A is clearly detected in all the VLBI observations, which allowed us to analyze the orbital motion of the system and to obtain model-independent dynamical masses of 0.90±0.08M☉ and 0.090±0.008M☉, for AB Dor A and AB Dor C, respectively. Comparisons with PMS stellar evolution models favor and age of 40-50Myr for AB Dor A and of 25-120Myr for AB Dor C.
Conclusions. We show that the orbital motion of the AB Dor A/C system is remarkably well determined, leading to precise estimates of the dynamical masses. Comparison of our results with the prediction of evolutionary models support the observational evidence that theoretical models tend to slightly underestimate the mass of the low-mass stars. - binaries: general - stars: pre-main sequence - radio continuum: stars - astrometry
© ESO, 2017
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