Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 608A, 113-113 (2017/12-1)
A near-infrared interferometric survey of debris-disc stars. VI. Extending the exozodiacal light survey with CHARA/JouFLU.
NUNEZ P.D., SCOTT N.J., MENNESSON B., ABSIL O., AUGEREAU J.-C., BRYDEN G., TEN BRUMMELAAR T., ERTEL S., COUDE DU FORESTO V., RIDGWAY S.T., STURMANN J., STURMANN L., TURNER N.J. and TURNER N.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the results of high-angular-resolution observations that search for exozodiacal light in a sample of main sequence stars and sub-giants. Using the "jouvence" of the fiber linked unit for optical recombination (JouFLU) at the center for high angular resolution astronomy (CHARA) telescope array, we have observed a total of 44 stars. Out of the 44 stars, 33 are new stars added to the initial, previously published survey of 42 stars performed at CHARA with the fiber linked unit for optical recombination (FLUOR). Since the start of the survey extension, we have detected a K-band circumstellar excess for six new stars at the ∼1% level or higher, four of which are known or candidate binaries, and two for which the excess could be attributed to exozodiacal dust. We have also performed follow-up observations of 11 of the stars observed in the previously published survey and found generally consistent results. We do however detect a significantly larger excess on three of these follow-up targets: Altair, υ And and κ CrB. Interestingly, the last two are known exoplanet host stars. We perform a statistical analysis of the JouFLU and FLUOR samples combined, which yields an overall exozodi detection rate of 21.7+5.7–4.1%. We also find that the K-band excess in FGK-type stars correlates with the existence of an outer reservoir of cold (≤100K) dust at the 99% confidence level, while the same cannot be said for A-type stars.
© ESO, 2017
circumstellar matter - binaries: close - planets and satellites: detection - techniques: interferometric - techniques: interferometric
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