Astron. J., 153, 128-128 (2017/March-0)
WIYN open cluster study. LXXV. Testing the metallicity dependence of stellar lithium depletion using Hyades-aged clusters. I. Hyades and Praesepe.
CUMMINGS J.D., DELIYANNIS C.P., MADERAK R.M. and STEINHAUER A.
Abstract (from CDS):
WIYN/Hydra spectroscopy (at R ∼ 15,000) of the moderately metal-rich Praesepe and Hyades open clusters was used to study their main-sequence (MS) iron ([Fe/H]) and lithium (A(Li)) abundances. Self-consistent [Fe/H] and Li analyses of these clusters of consistent age, which we re-evaluate, confirms that they have consistent [Fe/H] and provides a foundation to investigate the poorly understood G-dwarf and F-dwarf Li-depletions. Neither phenomenon agrees with standard stellar evolution theory, but possible explanations abound. We supplement our A(Li) with previously published results placed on a uniform abundance scale. This creates the largest self-consistently analyzed sample of A(Li) in both the Hyades (90) and Praesepe (110). For each star, high-precision UBVRI photometry was used to determine a 10-color-based Teff and then to test for photometric peculiarities indicated by a large σTeff (>75 K). The stars that have large σTeff were predominantly found to be binaries or stars with peculiar (apparent) A(Li). When considering only proper-motion members that have low σTeff and are also photometrically consistent with the cluster MS fiducial, each cluster has a more tightly defined Li morphology than previously observed and the two clusters' A(Li) are indistinguishable. This suggests that clusters of consistent age and metallicity may have consistent Li-depletion trends across a broad range of Teff; no additional major parameters are required, at least for these two clusters. We propose that the combined Hyades and Praesepe data offer more rigorous constraints than does either cluster alone, and we discuss newly revealed features of the combined Li-Teff trend.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
open clusters and associations: individual: (The Hyades, Praesepe) - stars: abundances - stars: evolution - stars: evolution
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/153/128): table6.dat table7.dat>
The reference for Wang & Jiang (1991) is 1991AcASn..32..176W.
View the references in ADS
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