2017AJ....153..240A


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.01.25CET15:10:32

2017AJ....153..240A - Astron. J., 153, 240-240 (2017/May-0)

An ALMA survey of protoplanetary disks in the σ Orionis cluster.

ANSDELL M., WILLIAMS J.P., MANARA C.F., MIOTELLO A., FACCHINI S., VAN DER MAREL N., TESTI L. and VAN DISHOECK E.F.

Abstract (from CDS):

The σ Orionis cluster is important for studying protoplanetary disk evolution, as its intermediate age (∼3-5 Myr) is comparable to the median disk lifetime. We use ALMA to conduct a high-sensitivity survey of dust and gas in 92 protoplanetary disks around σ Orionis members with M* >= 0.1 M. Our observations cover the 1.33 mm continuum and several CO J = 2-1 lines: out of 92 sources, we detect 37 in the millimeter continuum and 6 in 12CO, 3 in 13CO, and none in C18O. Using the continuum emission to estimate dust mass, we find only 11 disks with Mdust >= 10 M, indicating that after only a few Myr of evolution most disks lack sufficient dust to form giant planet cores. Stacking the individually undetected continuum sources limits their average dust mass to 5x lower than that of the faintest detected disk, supporting theoretical models that indicate rapid dissipation once disk clearing begins. Comparing the protoplanetary disk population in σ Orionis to those of other star-forming regions supports the steady decline in average dust mass and the steepening of the Mdust-M* relation with age; studying these evolutionary trends can inform the relative importance of different disk processes during key eras of planet formation. External photoevaporation from the central O9 star is influencing disk evolution throughout the region: dust masses clearly decline with decreasing separation from the photoionizing source, and the handful of CO detections exist at projected separations of >1.5 pc. Collectively, our findings indicate that giant planet formation is inherently rare and/or well underway by a few Myr of age.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - circumstellar matter - planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: protostars - stars: protostars

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/153/240): table1.dat table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 110

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Number of rows : 110

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 QSO B0420-0127 QSO 04 23 15.80072776 -01 20 33.0654034   17.50 17.00 16.28   ~ 1028 2
2 NAME Taurus Dark Cloud SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3359 0
3 QSO B0507+179 QSO 05 10 02.36912982 +18 00 41.5816534   20.0 19.0 19.09   ~ 288 1
4 QSO B0521-365 BLL 05 22 57.9839686440 -36 27 30.847737786   15.26 14.62 14.48   ~ 689 2
5 NGC 1997 Cl* 05 30 34 -63 12.2   14.27 13.43     ~ 20 0
6 ICRF J053207.5-030707 G 05 32 07.51926309 -03 07 07.0379579           ~ 17 0
7 NAME Orion Nebula Cluster OpC 05 35.0 -05 29           ~ 1924 1
8 * tet01 Ori C ** 05 35 16.46375 -05 23 22.8486 4.20 5.15 5.13 4.91 4.73 O7Vp 1263 1
9 Haro 5-5 Y*O 05 37 30.9498956537 -02 23 42.804953068   18.33 17.11 15.91 14.51 M2.0 12 0
10 2MASS J05375486-0241092 Y*O 05 37 54.8667166688 -02 41 09.234610591   19.68 18.34 17.14 15.43 M5.0 13 0
11 [BZR99] S Ori 35 Y*O 05 37 55.5938033361 -02 33 05.329849784 20.472 23.63   19.40 17.55 M4.5 14 0
12 [BZR99] S Ori 12 Y*O 05 37 57.4584984711 -02 38 44.461380271   20.61 19.81 18.15 16.42 M4.5/6V 25 0
13 2MASS J05380097-0226079 Y*O 05 38 00.9734866441 -02 26 07.933966500   18.08 16.71 15.57 14.27 M2.5 11 0
14 Haro 5-7 Y*O 05 38 01.0752774425 -02 45 38.012747935   18.61 17.38 15.97 14.24 M4.5 19 0
15 2MASS J05380552-0235571 Y*O 05 38 05.5205926485 -02 35 57.096428936   26.46 21.41 19.60 17.70 M4.5 13 0
16 Kiso A-0904 67 Y*O 05 38 06.7457000396 -02 30 22.747725674 17.703 16.46 15.08 14.08 13.14 M1 16 0
17 Kiso A-0976 316 Y*O 05 38 08.2659827813 -02 35 56.278344564 18.050   16.19 15.08 13.76 M2.5 17 0
18 ESO-HA 1656 Y*O 05 38 09.9454102649 -02 51 37.758171853   17.81 16.40 15.25 13.93 M3.0 12 0
19 Haro 5-8 Y*O 05 38 13.1535716687 -02 45 51.064632627   16.87 15.73 14.65 13.47 M1.5 18 0
20 2MASS J05381319-0226088 Y*O 05 38 13.1972684896 -02 26 08.655719751   18.41 16.92 15.67 14.10 M4.5 17 0
21 HD 294268 Y*O 05 38 14.1177550239 -02 15 59.758632408   10.93 10.45   10.010 F6e 21 0
22 2MASS J05381778-0240500 Y*O 05 38 17.783 -02 40 50.07 18.94 19.81 18.14 16.76 14.94 M5.0 16 0
23 Kiso A-0976 326 TT* 05 38 18.8584836414 -02 51 38.943797804   18.20 16.81 15.65 14.25 M2.5 15 0
24 [W96] rJ053820-0234 TT* 05 38 20.5032054815 -02 34 08.977031521   20.99 19.39 17.68 15.74 M4e 22 0
25 2MASS J05382119-0254110 Y*O 05 38 21.1939172550 -02 54 11.143049959   19.60 18.21 16.68 14.82 M5.5 9 0
26 2MASS J05382307-0236493 Y*O 05 38 23.077 -02 36 49.37 18.99 19.61 18.45 17.01 15.64 ~ 15 0
27 V* V2725 Ori Or* 05 38 23.3367448676 -02 25 34.603396389   19.60 18.40 17.22 15.69 M2.0 15 0
28 V* V2726 Ori Or* 05 38 23.5906623286 -02 20 47.642532104   19.81 18.64 17.14 15.32 M5.5 19 0
29 V* V2728 Ori Or* 05 38 25.4362816834 -02 42 41.261836830   20.88 20.33 19.08 17.20 M7 30 0
30 [BNM2013] 93.03 227 LM* 05 38 26.8425670850 -02 38 46.106781516   21.26 19.73 18.09 16.09 M3.5 16 0
31 V* V505 Ori TT* 05 38 27.2561074187 -02 45 09.709148403     14.16 13.54 12.85 K7e 33 0
32 Kiso A-0976 329 TT* 05 38 27.5111635459 -02 35 04.229527586 18.90 18.59 17.17 15.92 14.37 M3.5e 22 0
33 Mayrit 803197 Y*O 05 38 28.969 -02 48 47.32   25.83 20.83   17.01 M6 17 0
34 Haro 5-9 Or* 05 38 29.1605315197 -02 16 15.771894396   15.40 14.45 13.20 12.954 K6.5 20 0
35 Haro 5-11 TT* 05 38 31.4240015536 -02 36 33.895105605 16.59 17.36 16.42 15.22 13.82 M3.5 21 0
36 [W96] rJ053831-0235 TT* 05 38 31.5906845078 -02 35 14.984909238 19.243 17.17 15.85 14.88 13.77 M0e 20 0
37 V* TX Ori TT* 05 38 33.6903234807 -02 44 14.132513585 13.75 13.16 12.06 11.38 10.73 K4.5 32 0
38 [W96] rJ053833-0236 TT* 05 38 34.0615489873 -02 36 37.594110884 19.530   16.39 15.24 13.72 M3-M4e 27 0
39 [BNM2013] 93.03 29 LM* 05 38 34.6043411983 -02 41 08.826951139 18.85 19.71 17.76 16.62 15.00 M2.0 15 0
40 2MASS J05383902-0245321 TT* 05 38 39.0316625887 -02 45 32.218817342     17.26 15.92 14.58 M2.5 19 0
41 2MASS J05383976-0232203 Y*O 05 38 39.7670028572 -02 32 20.400551881   21.83 21.75 19.72 17.52 ~ 12 0
42 Haro 5-13 TT* 05 38 40.2734691660 -02 30 18.559529879 17.937 16.91 15.49 14.48 13.46 M0e 21 0
43 2MASS J05384053-0233275 Y*O 05 38 40.5378770841 -02 33 27.606497237 19.58 18.95 17.65 16.28 14.52 ~ 13 0
44 [BNM2013] 92.01 24 LM* 05 38 41.5982262598 -02 30 28.924343052 19.33 18.54 17.07 15.87 14.37 ~ 10 0
45 NAME sigma Orionis Cluster MGr 05 38 42 -02 36.0           ~ 476 0
46 2MASS J05384227-0237147 TT* 05 38 42.2799882547 -02 37 14.820169016 17.36 16.69 15.27 14.27 13.22 M0.5 17 0
47 2MASS J05384301-0236145 Y*O 05 38 43.0202442557 -02 36 14.637332052 12.79 14.23 14.87 14.28 13.30 M1.0 11 0
48 2MASS J05384386-0237068 TT* 05 38 43.8693303763 -02 37 06.913989844 13.559   17.93 16.59 14.80 ~ 17 0
49 [W96] 4771-1051 TT* 05 38 44.2344761436 -02 40 19.772028742 15.88 15.24 14.02 13.22 12.41 K7.5/8e 20 0
50 * sig Ori Y*O 05 38 44.7665260139 -02 36 00.284709290 2.54 3.58 3.79 3.87 4.11 O9.5V 734 0
51 Mayrit 89175 LM* 05 38 45.2787608043 -02 37 29.325189819     18.77 17.10 15.35 ~ 10 0
52 V* V595 Ori TT* 05 38 45.37536 -02 41 59.4240 17.75 17.08 15.61 15.19 13.45 M1.5 19 0
53 [W96] pJ053847-0234 TT* 05 38 47.1884633123 -02 34 36.918854535 17.17 18.43 17.36 16.38 14.81 M4.0 15 0
54 [BHM2009] SigOri-MAD-34 LM* 05 38 47.4634860237 -02 35 25.322318985 12.01 14.96 14.82 14.06 13.10 M0.5 15 0
55 [W96] rJ053847-0237 TT* 05 38 47.91648 -02 37 19.2360 16.81 16.78 15.51 15.01 13.39 M1.0 20 0
56 [W96] 4771-899 TT* 05 38 48.0385008503 -02 27 14.172609947 16.327 14.47 13.21 12.41 11.54 K7e 23 0
57 [BZR99] S Ori 15 Y*O 05 38 48.0990263161 -02 28 53.680362302 21.11 21.32 19.89 18.32 16.42 M5.5e 17 0
58 2MASS J05384818-0244007 Y*O 05 38 48.1906527334 -02 44 00.856087316 21.27 21.43 19.76 18.11 16.13 ~ 15 0
59 V* V2737 Ori Or* 05 38 49.2830965085 -02 23 57.623954857 22.321 23.90 19.39 17.67 16.90 M3.8V 22 0
60 2MASS J05384970-0234526 Y*O 05 38 49.7048600445 -02 34 52.680230759   19.12 17.96 16.84 14.79 ~ 14 0
61 2MASS J05385060-0242429 Y*O 05 38 50.6088341367 -02 42 42.963387697   21.04 19.42 17.80 15.85 ~ 14 0
62 V* RU Ori Or* 05 38 52.0091406345 -02 46 43.721058406     14.27 13.44 12.72 K7.5 22 0
63 2MASS J05385831-0216101 Y*O 05 38 58.3196460382 -02 16 10.133950605   17.04 15.61 14.62 13.64 M0.0 10 0
64 2MASS J05385911-0247133 Y*O 05 38 59.111 -02 47 13.34     16.13   12.561 M2.0 10 0
65 Haro 5-18 Y*O 05 38 59.2271567353 -02 33 51.417370497 18.648 17.62 16.55 15.59 14.43 M2.5 19 0
66 Haro 5-16 Or* 05 39 01.3709989122 -02 18 27.455689721   16.28 15.01 14.02 12.99 M0.5 18 0
67 2MASS J05390193-0235029 Y*O 05 39 01.9389175758 -02 35 02.903447076 19.818 20.72 19.68 18.46 17.11 M4 21 0
68 2MASS J05390297-0241272 Y*O 05 39 02.9788879717 -02 41 27.165588370 17.71 17.87 16.51 15.33 13.93 M2.5 11 0
69 ESO-HA 1693 Y*O 05 39 03.5774746551 -02 46 27.048631746   18.04 16.94 15.82 14.37 M3.5 15 0
70 2MASS J05390387-0220081 Y*O 05 39 03.8714479915 -02 20 08.117079515   20.09 18.79 17.38 15.62 M4.5 11 0
71 Mayrit 458140 LM* 05 39 04.5919411764 -02 41 49.316384550 17.20 17.44 16.39 15.51 14.53 M0.0 12 0
72 Haro 5-19 Or* 05 39 07.6046065379 -02 32 39.183822262 16.743 15.24 13.99 13.18 12.41 K6.5 20 0
73 2MASS J05390878-0231115 TT* 05 39 08.7812031100 -02 31 11.584830745 18.78 19.27 18.11 16.82 15.30 M3.0 15 0
74 Haro 5-20 TT* 05 39 11.5178731204 -02 31 06.579710893 18.295 16.98 15.45 14.56 13.56 M0.0 22 0
75 [BZR99] S Ori 30 Y*O 05 39 13.0851935602 -02 37 50.971219000     20.74 19.34 17.30 M6 18 0
76 [BZR99] S Ori 38 Y*O 05 39 15.2626568055 -02 21 50.705185382   22.96   20.02 17.97 M7 13 0
77 [BNM2013] 90.02 146 LM* 05 39 15.8294958561 -02 36 50.761599424 20.13 19.25 17.70 16.41 14.85 M4.0 14 0
78 Haro 5-21 TT* 05 39 18.8360660187 -02 30 53.223786714 17.563 15.88 14.41 13.49 12.60 K7.0 20 0
79 V* BG Ori TT* 05 39 25.2029732899 -02 38 22.059712657   15.88 14.72 13.78 12.83 K7.5 27 0
80 2MASS J05392633-0228376 Y*O 05 39 26.3370433757 -02 28 37.705662392   19.69 18.02 16.96 15.26 ~ 15 0
81 2MASS J05392935-0227209 Y*O 05 39 29.3528925920 -02 27 21.036989789         14.807 M0.0 14 0
82 Haro 5-25 TT* 05 39 39.3779110085 -02 17 04.504473972   16.95 15.35 14.29 13.24 M0.0 18 0
83 Haro 5-27 TT* 05 39 39.8261219095 -02 31 21.866213622 14.589   14.30 13.92 13.073 K5.5 58 0
84 V* V603 Ori Or* 05 39 39.8290440126 -02 33 16.042554188 19.253   16.70   13.91 ~ 27 0
85 V* RW Ori Or* 05 39 39.9868506514 -02 43 09.750047320     13.32   11.956 K1.0 20 0
86 V* RV Ori Or* 05 39 40.1685616452 -02 20 48.034404463     13.90   12.715 K5.0 18 0
87 2MASS J05394318-0232433 Y*O 05 39 43.1841780007 -02 32 43.375675491 19.867 19.34 17.72 16.45 14.83 ~ 16 0
88 [BZR99] S Ori 10 Y*O 05 39 44.5055882893 -02 24 43.244043838   23.03 19.76   16.36 ~ 16 0
89 2MASS J05394944-0223459 Y*O 05 39 49.4438003835 -02 23 45.964313395   20.21 18.15 16.86 15.12 M4e 16 0
90 Haro 5-30 TT* 05 39 51.7265529399 -02 22 47.260581988   19.33 17.95 16.40 14.64 M5.5e 19 0
91 Haro 5-32 Or* 05 39 53.6202587053 -02 33 42.724391012 16.971   16.92 15.84 14.32 M4 22 0
92 2MASS J05395421-0227326 Y*O 05 39 54.2048070580 -02 27 32.726308056   19.81 18.25 16.86 15.21 M4.5 17 0
93 V* V605 Ori Or* 05 39 54.280104 -02 24 39.42216     15.01 14.91 12.808 M1.0 15 0
94 Mayrit 1045094 Y*O 05 39 54.3226122744 -02 37 18.966776375   20.61 20.81 19.05 17.05 M4.5 17 0
95 Haro 5-34 Or* 05 39 54.6558542299 -02 46 34.128591178   15.06 14.40 13.51 12.76 K6.0 18 0
96 2MASS J05395645-0238034 Y*O 05 39 56.4504210189 -02 38 03.554521225     18.38 17.13 15.258 M5.0 13 0
97 Haro 5-36 Or* 05 40 01.9557413466 -02 21 32.633848602     16.63 15.46 13.88 M4.5 27 0
98 Mayrit 1196092 Y*O 05 40 04.5326197819 -02 36 42.091189449   20.69   19.94 17.73 M6 21 0
99 2MASS J05400525-0230522 Y*O 05 40 05.2550878613 -02 30 52.391336072 22.379 20.75 19.08 17.65 15.86 M5 13 0
100 V* V608 Ori TT* 05 40 08.8862006785 -02 33 33.783508896     14.63 14.09 13.907 K7.5 29 0
101 2MASS J05400933-0225067 Y*O 05 40 09.3350885632 -02 25 06.803822414   19.92 18.47 16.68 15.10 ~ 14 0
102 Haro 5-38 Y*O 05 40 12.8663268037 -02 22 02.166576080   14.94 13.70   11.858 K5.5 13 0
103 NGC 2024 Cl* 05 41 43 -01 50.5           ~ 1060 1
104 [BCB89] IRS 2b * 05 41 45.50 -01 54 28.7           O8V 33 1
105 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9054298616 -34 42 17.031550898   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1476 1
106 NAME Cha I MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 943 1
107 THA 15-12 TT* 15 56 09.2067120748 -37 56 06.126159332   13.12 11.93 11.45   M0e 224 0
108 NAME Lup Cloud SFR 16 03 -38.1           ~ 489 0
109 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 972 1
110 Ass Cyg OB 2 As* 20 33.2 +41 19           ~ 768 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.01.25-15:10:32

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