Astrophys. J., 834, 178-178 (2017/January-2)
Signs of early-stage disk growth revealed with ALMA.
YEN H.-W., KOCH P.M., TAKAKUWA S., KRASNOPOLSKY R., OHASHI N. and ASO Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present ALMA 1.3 mm continuum, 12CO, C18O, and SO data for the Class 0 protostars Lupus 3 MMS, IRAS 15398-3559, and IRAS 16253-2429 at resolutions of ∼100 au. By measuring a rotational profile in C18O, a 100 au Keplerian disk around a 0.3 M☉ protostar is observed in Lupus 3 MMS. No 100 au Keplerian disks are observed in IRAS 15398-3559 and IRAS 16253-2429. Nevertheless, embedded compact (<30 au) continuum components are detected. The C18O emission in IRAS 15398-3559 shows signatures of infall with a constant angular momentum. IRAS 16253-2429 exhibits signatures of infall and rotation, but its rotational profile is unresolved. By fitting the C18O data with our kinematic models, the protostellar masses and the disk radii are inferred to be 0.01 M☉ and 20 au in IRAS 15398-3559, and 0.03 M☉ and 6 au in IRAS 16253-2429. By comparing the specific angular momentum profiles from 10,000 au to 100 au in eight Class 0 and I protostars, we find that the evolution of envelope rotation can be described with conventional inside-out collapse models. In comparison with a sample of 18 protostars with known disk radii, our results reveal signs of disk growth, with the disk radius increasing as M*^0.8±0.14^ or t^1.09±0.37^ in the Class 0 stage, where M* is the protostellar mass and t is the age. The disk growth rate slows down in the Class I stage. In addition, we find a hint that the mass accretion rate declines as t^-0.26±0.04^ from the Class 0 to the Class I stages.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
circumstellar matter - ISM: individual objects: (Lupus 3 MMS, IRAS 15398-3559, IRAS 16253-2429) - ISM: kinematics and dynamics - stars: formation - stars: formation
IRAS 15398-3559 is a misprint for IRAS 15398-3359.
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