Astrophys. J., 834, 179-179 (2017/January-2)
HST/COS observations of ionized gas accretion at the disk-halo interface of M33.
ZHENG Y., PEEK J.E.G., WERK J.K. and PUTMAN M.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the detection of accreting ionized gas at the disk-halo interface of the nearby galaxy M33. We analyze Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph absorption-line spectra of seven ultraviolet-bright stars evenly distributed across the disk of M33. We find Si iv absorption components consistently redshifted relative to the bulk M33's ISM absorption along all the sightlines. The Si iv detection indicates an enriched, disk-wide, ionized gas inflow toward the disk. This inflow is most likely multi-phase as the redshifted components can also be observed in ions with lower ionization states (e.g., S II, P II, Fe II, Si II). Kinematic modeling of the inflow is consistent with an accreting layer at the disk-halo interface of M33, which has an accretion velocity of 110–20+15 km s–1 at a distance of 1.5–1.0+1.0 kpc above the disk. The modeling indicates a total mass of ∼3.9 x 107 M☉ for the accreting material at the disk-halo interface on the near side of the M33 disk, with an accretion rate of ∼2.9 M☉ yr–1. The high accretion rate and the level of metal enrichment suggest the inflow is likely to be the fallback of M33 gas from a galactic fountain and/or the gas pulled loosed during a close interaction between M31 and M33. Our study of M33 is the first to unambiguously reveal the existence of a disk-wide, ionized gas inflow beyond the Milky Way, providing a better understanding of gas accretion in the vicinity of a galaxy disk.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: halos - galaxies: individual: M33 - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - quasars: absorption lines - techniques: spectroscopic - techniques: spectroscopic
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