SIMBAD references

2017ApJ...835L..31L - Astrophys. J., 835, L31-L31 (2017/February-1)

Stagnant shells in the vicinity of the dusty Wolf-Rayet-OB binary WR 112.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present high spatial resolution mid-infrared images of the nebula around the late-type carbon-rich Wolf-Rayet (WC)-OB binary system WR 112 taken by the recently upgraded VLT spectrometer and imager for the mid-infrared (VISIR) with the PAH1, Ne II_2, and Q3 filters. The observations reveal a morphology resembling a series of arc-like filaments and broken shells. Dust temperatures and masses are derived for each of the identified filamentary structures, which exhibit temperatures ranging from 179–6+8 K at the exterior W2 filament to 355–25+37 K in the central 3''. The total dust mass summed over the features is 2.6 ± 0.4 x 10–5 M. A multi-epoch analysis of mid-IR photometry of WR 112 over the past ∼20 years reveals no significant variability in the observed dust temperature and mass. The morphology of the mid-IR dust emission from WR 112 also exhibits no significant expansion from imaging data taken in 2001, 2007, and 2016, which disputes the current interpretation of the nebula as a high expansion velocity (∼1200 km s–1) "pinwheel"-shaped outflow driven by the central WC-OB colliding-wind binary. An upper limit of <=120 km s–1 is derived for the expansion velocity assuming a distance of 4.15 kpc. The upper limit on the average total mass-loss rate from the central 3'' of WR 112 is estimated to be <=8 x 10–6 M year–1. We leave its true nature as an open question, but propose that the WR 112 nebula may have formed in the outflow during a previous red or yellow supergiant phase of the central Wolf-Rayet star.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): infrared: stars - stars: individual: WR 112 - stars: winds, outflows - stars: Wolf-Rayet - stars: Wolf-Rayet

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 7

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