Molecular gas kinematics and star formation properties of the strongly-lensed quasar host galaxy RXS J1131-1231.
LEUNG T.K.D., RIECHERS D.A. and PAVESI R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report observations of CO(J = 2 - 1) and CO(J=3→2) line emission toward the quadruply-lensed quasar RXS J1131-1231 at z = 0.654 obtained using the Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI) and the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA). Our lens modeling shows that the asymmetry in the double-horned CO(J = 2 - 1) line profile is mainly a result of differential lensing, where the magnification factor varies from ∼3 to ∼9 across different kinematic components. The intrinsically symmetric line profile and a smooth source-plane velocity gradient suggest that the host galaxy is an extended rotating disk, with a CO size of RCO∼6 kpc and a dynamical mass of Mdyn∼8×1010M☉. We also find a secondary CO-emitting source near RXS J1131-1231, the location of which is consistent with the optically-faint companion reported in previous studies. The lensing-corrected molecular gas masses are Mgas = (1.4 ± 0.3) x 1010 M☉ and (2.0 ± 0.1) x 109 M☉ for RXS J1131-1231 and the companion, respectively. We find a lensing-corrected stellar mass of M* = (3 ± 1) x 1010 M☉ and a star formation rate of SFRFIR = (120 ± 63) M☉ yr–1, corresponding to a specific SFR and star formation efficiency comparable to z ∼ 1 disk galaxies not hosting quasars. The implied gas mass fraction of ∼18 ± 4% is consistent with the previously observed cosmic decline since z ∼ 2. We thus find no evidence for quenching of star formation in RXS J1131-1231. This agrees with our finding of an elevated MBH/Mbulge ratio of >0.27–0.08+0.11% compared to the local value, suggesting that the bulk of its black hole mass is largely in place while its stellar bulge is still assembling.