Astrophys. J., 836, 214-214 (2017/February-3)
Photoionization models for the inner gaseous disks of Herbig Be stars: evidence against magnetospheric accretion?
PATEL P., SIGUT T.A.A. and LANDSTREET J.D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We investigate the physical properties of the inner gaseous disks of three hot Herbig B2e stars, HD 76534, HD 114981, and HD 216629, by modeling CFHT-ESPaDOns spectra using non-LTE radiative transfer codes. We assume that the emission lines are produced in a circumstellar disk heated solely by photospheric radiation from the central star in order to test whether the optical and near-infrared emission lines can be reproduced without invoking magnetospheric accretion. The inner gaseous disk density was assumed to follow a simple power-law in the equatorial plane, and we searched for models that could reproduce observed lines of H I (Hα and Hβ), He I, Ca II, and Fe II. For the three stars, good matches were found for all emission line profiles individually; however, no density model based on a single power-law was able to reproduce all of the observed emission lines. Among the single power-law models, the one with the gas density varying as ∼10–10(R*/R)3 g cm–3 in the equatorial plane of a 25 R* (0.78 au) disk did the best overall job of representing the optical emission lines of the three stars. This model implies a mass for the Hα-emitting portion of the inner gaseous disk of ∼10–9 M*. We conclude that the optical emission line spectra of these HBe stars can be qualitatively reproduced by a ≃1 au, geometrically thin, circumstellar disk of negligible mass compared to the central star in Keplerian rotation and radiative equilibrium.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
accretion, accretion disks - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: (HD 76534, HD114981, HD216629) - stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be - stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
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