SIMBAD references

2017ApJ...838...93B - Astrophys. J., 838, 93-93 (2017/April-1)

The geometry and origin of ultra-diffuse ghost galaxies.


Abstract (from CDS):

The geometry and intrinsic ellipticity distribution of ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDG) is determined from the line-of-sight distribution of axial ratios q of a large sample of UDGs, detected by Koda et al. in the Coma cluster. With high significance, the data rules out an oblate, disk-like geometry, characterized by major axes a = b > c. The data is, however, in good agreement with prolate shapes, corresponding to a = b < c. This indicates that UDGs are not thickened, rotating, axisymmetric disks, puffed up by violent processes. Instead, they are anisotropic elongated cigar- or bar-like structures, similar to the prolate dwarf spheroidal galaxy population of the Local Group. The intrinsic distribution of axial ratios of the Coma UDGs is flat in the range of 0.4 <= a/c <= 0.9 with a mean value of <a/c>=0.65±0.14. This might provide important constraints for theoretical models of their origin. Formation scenarios that could explain the extended prolate nature of UDGs are discussed.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: structure - galaxies: structure

Simbad objects: 5

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