SIMBAD references

2017ApJ...839...45S - Astrophys. J., 839, 45-45 (2017/April-2)

XMM-Newton X-ray observations of LkCa 15: a T Tauri star with a formative planetary system.

SKINNER S.L. and GUDEL M.

Abstract (from CDS):

High-resolution ground-based images of the T Tauri star LkCa 15 have revealed multiple companions that are thought to comprise a formative planetary system. The candidate protoplanets orbit at distances of ∼15-20 au within the dust-depleted inner region of the circumstellar disk. Because of its young age (∼1-4 Myr), LkCa 15 provides a benchmark system for testing planet-formation models. We detected LkCa 15 as a bright X-ray source in a short 10 ks Chandra observation in 2009. We report here new results obtained from a deeper 37 ks XMM-Newton observation in 2014. The new data provide better sampling in the time domain and improved sensitivity at low energies below 1 keV. Spectral fits with thermal emission models require at least two temperature components at kTcool ≃ 0.4 keV and kThot ≃ 2.2 keV. The value of kThot is about a factor of two less than inferred from Chandra, suggesting that the hot-component temperature is variable. The best-fit absorption column density is in good agreement with that expected from optical extinction estimates AV ≃ 1.3-1.7 mag. The intrinsic X-ray luminosity is Lx(0.2-10 keV) = 3 x 1030 erg s–1. Estimates of the X-ray heating rate of the inner disk and protoplanets are sensitive to the assumed disk gas surface density for which recent ALMA observations give estimates Σ0,gas ∼102 g cm–2 at 1 au from the star. At such densities, X-ray heating is confined mainly to the upper disk layers and X-ray penetration through the disk midplane to the protoplanets at r ≃ 15-20 au is negligible.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - stars: individual: (LkCa 15, NSVS 6777197) - X-rays: stars - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 6

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2019.12.10-07:03:49

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