Astrophys. J., 842, 94-94 (2017/June-3)
ALMA view of the Galactic Center minispiral: ionized gas flows around Sagittarius A.
TSUBOI M., KITAMURA Y., UEHARA K., MIYAWAKI R., TSUTSUMI T., MIYAZAKI A. and MIYOSHI M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have observed the "Galactic center minispiral (GCMS)" in the H42α recombination line as a part of the first large-scale mosaic observation in the Sagittarius A complex using Atacama Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). We revealed the kinematics of the ionized gas streamers of the GCMS. We found that the ionized gas streamers of the Northern Arm (NA) and Eastern Arm (EA) in their outer regions somewhat deviate from the Keplerian orbits that were derived previously from the trajectories in the inner regions. In addition, we found that the streamer corresponding to the Bar of the GCMS has a Keplerian orbit with an eccentricity of e∼0.8, which is independent from the Keplerian orbits of the other streamers of the GCMS. We estimated the LTE electron temperature and electron density in the ionized gas streamers. We confirmed the previously claimed tendency that the electron temperatures increase toward Sgr A*. We found that the electron density in the NA and EA also increases with approaching Sgr A* without the lateral expansion of the gas streamers. This suggests that there is some external pressure around the GCMS. The ambient ionized gas may cause the confinement and/or the perturbation of the orbits. There is a good positional correlation between the protostar candidates detected by JVLA at 34 GHz and the ionized gas streamer, the Northeastern Arm, newly found by our H42α recombination line observation. This suggests that the candidates had formed in the streamer and they were brought to near Sgr A* as the streamer falls.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
accretion, accretion disks - Galaxy: center - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - stars: formation - stars: formation
Paragr. 3.1, 3.3 and 3.4: the Northern Arm, Eastern Arm and Western Arc are not in SIMBAD.
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