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2017ApJ...844..100B - Astrophys. J., 844, 100-100 (2017/August-1)

On the eccentricity of Proxima b.


Abstract (from CDS):

We apply Monte Carlo projection to the radial-velocity data set that Anglada-Escude et al. use for the discovery of Proxima b. They find an upper limit to the orbital eccentricity of ε < 0.35. To investigate the eccentricity issue further, we calculate a suite of mono- and bi-variate densities of ε. After discarding apparent artifacts at ε ≃ 0 and ε ≃ 1, we find that ε seems to have a tri-modal sampling distribution-three chimeras or types of orbit compatible with the RV data set. The three modes (peaks) in the density of ε are located at ε = {0.25, 0.75, 0.95}, with relative weights {0.79, 0.10, 0.11}. Future RV observations will clarify which of the three chimeras represents the true eccentricity of Proxima b. The most likely estimate is εest = 0.25, and our lower limit is ε_l lim_ = 0.025. Our strategic, long-term goal is to elevate the orbital analyses of exoplanets to meet the challenges of sometimes complex probability density distributions.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): methods: statistical - Planetary systems - techniques: radial velocities - techniques: radial velocities

Simbad objects: 5

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