Astrophys. J., 846, 104-104 (2017/September-2)
Multi-frequency scatter broadening evolution of pulsars. I.
KRISHNAKUMAR M.A., JOSHI B.C. and MANOHARAN P.K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present multi-wavelength scatter broadening observations of 47 pulsars made with the Giant Metre-wave Radio Telescope (GMRT), Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT), and Long Wavelength Array (LWA). The GMRT observations were made in the phased array mode at 148, 234, and 610 MHz and the ORT observations at 327 MHz. The LWA data sets were obtained from the LWA pulsar data archive. The broadening of each pulsar as a function of observing frequency provides the frequency scaling index, α. The estimations of α have been obtained for 39 pulsars and include entirely new estimates for 31 pulsars. This study increases the total sample of pulsars available with α estimates by ∼50%. The overall distribution of α with the dispersion measure (DM) of the pulsar shows interesting variations, which are consistent with earlier studies. However, for a given value of DM, a range of α values are observed, indicating the characteristic turbulence along each line of sight. For each pulsar, the estimated level of turbulence, Cne_2, has also been compared with α and DM. Additionally, we compare the distribution of α with the theoretically predicted model to infer the general characteristics of the ionized interstellar medium. Nearly 65% of the pulsars show a flatter index (i.e., α4.4) than that expected from the Kolmogorov turbulence model. Moreover, the group of pulsars with flatter indices is typically associated with an enhanced value of Cne_2 compared to those with steeper indices.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
ISM: general - pulsars: general - scattering - scattering
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