Astrophys. J., 847, 120-120 (2017/October-1)
Twelve years of spectroscopic monitoring in the Galactic Center: the closest look at S-stars near the black hole.
HABIBI M., GILLESSEN S., MARTINS F., EISENHAUER F., PLEWA P.M., PFUHL O., GEORGE E., DEXTER J., WAISBERG I., OTT T., VON FELLENBERG S., BAUBOCK M., JIMENEZ-ROSALES A. and GENZEL R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the young S-stars within a distance of 0.04 pc from the supermassive black hole in the center of our Galaxy. Given how inhospitable the region is for star formation, their presence is more puzzling the younger we estimate their ages. In this study, we analyze the result of 12 years of high-resolution spectroscopy within the central arcsecond of the Galactic Center (GC). By co-adding between 55 and 105 hr of spectra we have obtained high signal-to-noise H- and K-band spectra of eight stars orbiting the central supermassive black hole. Using deep H-band spectra, we show that these stars must be high surface gravity (dwarf) stars. We compare these deep spectra to detailed model atmospheres and stellar evolution models to infer the stellar parameters. Our analysis reveals an effective temperature of 21,000-28,500 K, a rotational velocity of 60-170 km s–1, and a surface gravity of 4.1-4.2. These parameters imply a spectral type of B0-B3V for these stars. The inferred masses lie within 8-14 M☉. We derive an age of 6.6–4.7+3.4 Myr for the star S2, which is compatible with the age of the clockwise-rotating young stellar disk in the GC. We estimate the ages of all other studied S-stars to be less than 15 Myr, which is compatible with the age of S2 within the uncertainties. The relatively low ages for these S-stars favor a scenario in which the stars formed in a local disk rather than a field binary-disruption scenario that occurred over a longer period of time.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
astrometry - Galaxy: center - infrared: stars - stars: early-type - stars: fundamental parameters - techniques: radial velocities - techniques: radial velocities
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