SIMBAD references

2017ApJ...851...17Y - Astrophys. J., 851, 17-17 (2017/December-2)

The sleeping monster: NuSTAR observations of SGR 1806-20, 11 years after the giant flare.

YOUNES G., BARING M.G., KOUVELIOTOU C., HARDING A., DONOVAN S., GOGUS E., KASPI V. and GRANOT J.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report the analysis of five Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) observations of SGR 1806-20 spread over a year from 2015 April to 2016 April, more than 11 years following its giant flare (GF) of 2004. The source spin frequency during the NuSTAR observations follows a linear trend with a frequency derivative {dot}ν=(-1.25±0.03)×10–12 Hz s–1, implying a surface dipole equatorial magnetic field B~7.7×1014 G. Thus, SGR 1806-20 has finally returned to its historical minimum torque level measured between 1993 and 1998. The source showed strong timing noise for at least 12 years starting in 2000, with {dot}νincreasing one order of magnitude between 2005 and 2011, following its 2004 major bursting episode and GF. SGR 1806-20 has not shown strong transient activity since 2009, and we do not find short bursts in the NuSTAR data. The pulse profile is complex with a pulsed fraction of ∼8 % with no indication of energy dependence. The NuSTAR spectra are well fit with an absorbed blackbody, kT=0.62±0.06 keV, plus a power law, Γ=1.33±0.03. We find no evidence for variability among the five observations, indicating that SGR 1806-20 has reached a persistent and potentially its quiescent X-ray flux level after its 2004 major bursting episode. Extrapolating the NuSTAR model to lower energies, we find that the 0.5-10 keV flux decay follows an exponential form with a characteristic timescale τ=543±75 days. Interestingly, the NuSTAR flux in this energy range is a factor of ∼2 weaker than the long-term average measured between 1993 and 2003, a behavior also exhibited in SGR 1900+14. We discuss our findings in the context of the magnetar model.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: SGR 1806-20 - stars: magnetars - stars: neutron - X-rays: stars - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 8

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2021.03.05-21:41:16

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