Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 466, 3612-3635 (2017/April-2)
Unveiling the nature of bright z ~= 7 galaxies with the Hubble Space Telescope.
BOWLER R.A.A., DUNLOP J.S., McLURE R.J. and McLEOD D.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 (HST/WFC3) imaging of 25 extremely luminous (-23.2 <= MUV <= -21.2) Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) at z ≃ 7. The sample was initially selected from 1.65 deg2 of ground-based imaging in the UltraVISTA/COSMOS and UDS/SXDS fields, and includes the extreme Lyman α emitters, 'Himiko' and 'CR7'. A deconfusion analysis of the deep Spitzer photometry available suggests that these galaxies exhibit strong rest-frame optical nebular emission lines (EW0(Hβ + [O III]) > 600 Å). We find that irregular, multiple-component morphologies suggestive of clumpy or merging systems are common (fmulti > 0.4) in bright z ≃ 7 galaxies, and ubiquitous at the very bright end (MUV < -22.5). The galaxies have half-light radii in the range r1/2 ∼ 0.5-3 kpc. The size measurements provide the first determination of the size-luminosity relation at z ≃ 7 that extends to MUV ∼ -23. We find the relation to be steep with r1/2 ∝ L1/2. Excluding clumpy, multicomponent galaxies however, we find a shallower relation that implies an increased star formation rate surface density in bright LBGs. Using the new, independent, HST/WFC3 data we confirm that the rest-frame UV luminosity function at z ≃ 7 favours a power-law decline at the bright end, compared to an exponential Schechter function drop-off. Finally, these results have important implications for the Euclid mission, which we predict will detect >1000 similarly bright galaxies at z ≃ 7. Our new HST imaging suggests that the vast majority of these galaxies will be spatially resolved by Euclid, mitigating concerns over dwarf star contamination.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: high-redshift
misprints in the text: IDs 269511/258511 = 268511; ID 277727 = 211127.
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