Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 466, L1-L6 (2017/March-3)
NIHAO - XI. Formation of ultra-diffuse galaxies by outflows.
DI CINTIO A., BROOK C.B., DUTTON A.A., MACCIO A.V., OBREJA A. and DEKEL A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We address the origin of ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs), which have stellar masses typical of dwarf galaxies but effective radii of Milky Way-sized objects. Their formation mechanism, and whether they are failed L* galaxies or diffuse dwarfs, are challenging issues. Using zoom-in cosmological simulations from the Numerical Investigation of a Hundred Astrophysical Objects (NIHAO) project, we show that UDG analogues form naturally in dwarf-sized haloes due to episodes of gas outflows associated with star formation. The simulated UDGs live in isolated haloes of masses 1010–11 M☉, have stellar masses of 107–8.5 M☉, effective radii larger than 1 kpc and dark matter cores. They show a broad range of colours, an average Sersic index of 0.83, a typical distribution of halo spin and concentration, and a non-negligible H I gas mass of 10^7 - 9^ M☉, which correlates with the extent of the galaxy. Gas availability is crucial to the internal processes which form UDGs: feedback-driven gas outflows, and subsequent dark matter and stellar expansion, are the key to reproduce faint, yet unusually extended, galaxies. This scenario implies that UDGs represent a dwarf population of low surface brightness galaxies and should exist in the field. The largest isolated UDGs should contain more H I gas than less extended dwarfs of similar M*.
© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: haloes - galaxies: haloes
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