Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 467, 1614-1626 (2017/May-2)
Constraints on the structure of hot exozodiacal dust belts.
KIRCHSCHLAGER F., WOLF S., KRIVOV A.V., MUTSCHKE H. and BRUNNGRABER R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Recent interferometric surveys of nearby main-sequence stars show a faint but significant near-infrared excess in roughly two dozen systems, i.e. around 10-30 per cent of stars surveyed. This excess is attributed to dust located in the immediate vicinity of the star, the origin of which is highly debated. We used previously published interferometric observations to constrain the properties and distribution of this hot dust. Considering both scattered radiation and thermal re-emission, we modelled the observed excess in nine of these systems. We find that grains have to be sufficiently absorbing to be consistent with the observed excess, while dielectric grains with pure silicate compositions fail to reproduce the observations. The dust should be located within ∼0.01-1 au from the star depending on its luminosity. Furthermore, we find a significant trend for the disc radius to increase with the stellar luminosity. The dust grains are determined to be below 0.2-0.5 µ\textrmm, but above 0.02-0.15 µ\textrmm in radius. The dust masses amount to (0.2-3.5) x 10^- 9^ M⊕. The near-infrared excess is probably dominated by thermal re-emission, though a contribution of scattered light up to 35 per cent cannot be completely excluded. The polarization degree predicted by our models is always below 5 per cent, and for grains smaller than ∼¡ 0.2 µ\textrmm even below 1 per cent. We also modelled the observed near-infrared excess of another 10 systems with poorer data in the mid-infrared. The basic results for these systems appear qualitatively similar, yet the constraints on the dust location and the grain sizes are weaker.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
techniques: interferometric - interplanetary medium - planets and satellites: fundamental parameters - zodiacal dust - circumstellar matter - infrared: planetary systems - infrared: planetary systems
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