Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 467, 2943-2965 (2017/May-3)
Stellar contents and star formation in the NGC 7538 region.
SHARMA S., PANDEY A.K., OJHA D.K., BHATT H., OGURA K., KOBAYASHI N., YADAV R. and PANDEY J.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Deep optical photometric data on the NGC 7538 region were collected and combined with archival data sets from the Chandra, 2MASS and Spitzer surveys to generate a new catalogue of young stellar objects (YSOs) including those not showing infrared excess emission. This new catalogue is complete down to 0.8 M☉. The nature of the YSOs associated with the NGC 7538 region and their spatial distribution are used to study the star-formation process and the resultant mass function (MF) in the region. Out of the 419 YSOs, ∼91 per cent have ages between 0.1 and 2.5 Myr and ∼86 per cent have masses between 0.5 and 3.5 M☉, as derived by the spectral energy distribution fitting analysis. Around 24, 62 and 2 per cent of these YSOs are classified to be class I, class II and class III sources, respectively. The X-ray activities for the class I, class II and class III objects are not significantly different from each other. This result implies that the enhanced X-ray surface flux due to the increase in the rotation rate may be compensated for by the decrease in the stellar surface area during the pre-main-sequence evolution. Our analysis shows that the O3V type high-mass star IRS 6 may have triggered the formation of young low-mass stars up to a radial distance of 3 pc. The MF shows a turn-off at around 1.5 M☉ and the value of its slope Γ in the mass range 1.5 < M/M☉ < 6 is -1.76 ± 0.24, which is steeper than the Salpeter value.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: formation - stars: pre-main-sequence - H ii regions - H ii regions
Table 2: [SPO2017] GN (Nos G1-G6). Table 3: [SPO2017] ONNN (Nos 1-217). Table 4: [SPO2017] SNN (Nos S1-S53).
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