Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 470, 4231-4240 (2017/October-1)
A Universe of ultradiffuse galaxies: theoretical predictions from ΛCDM simulations.
RONG Y., GUO Q., GAO L., LIAO S., XIE L., PUZIA T.H., SUN S. and PAN J.
Abstract (from CDS):
A particular population of galaxies have drawn much interest recently, which are as faint as typical dwarf galaxies but have the sizes as large as L* galaxies, the so called ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs). The lack of tidal features of UDGs in dense environments suggests that their host haloes are perhaps as massive as that of the Milky Way. On the other hand, galaxy formation efficiency should be much higher in the haloes of such masses. Here, we use the model galaxy catalogue generated by populating two large simulations: the Millennium-II cosmological simulation and Phoenix simulations of nine big clusters with the semi-analytic galaxy formation model. This model reproduces remarkably well the observed properties of UDGs in the nearby clusters, including the abundance, profile, colour and morphology, etc. We search for UDG candidates using the public data and find two UDG candidates in our Local Group and 23 in our Local Volume, in excellent agreement with the model predictions. We demonstrate that UDGs are genuine dwarf galaxies, formed in the haloes of ∼1010 M☉. It is the combination of the late formation time and high spins of the host haloes that results in the spatially extended feature of this particular population. The lack of tidal disruption features of UDGs in clusters can also be explained by their late infall-time.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
methods: numerical - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: stellar content - galaxies: stellar content
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