Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 471, 4256-4264 (2017/November-2)
Forming short-period Wolf-Rayet X-ray binaries and double black holes through stable mass transfer.
VAN DEN HEUVEL E.P.J., PORTEGIES ZWART S.F. and DE MINK S.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We show that black hole high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) with O- or B-type donor stars and relatively short orbital periods, of order one week to several months may survive spiral-in, to then form Wolf-Rayet (WR) X-ray binaries with orbital periods of order a day to a few days; while in systems where the compact star is a neutron star, HMXBs with these orbital periods never survive spiral-in. We therefore predict that WR X-ray binaries can only harbour black holes. The reason why black hole HMXBs with these orbital periods may survive spiral-in is: the combination of a radiative envelope of the donor star and a high mass of the compact star. In this case, when the donor begins to overflow its Roche lobe, the systems are able to spiral in slowly with stable Roche lobe overflow, as is shown by the system SS433. In this case, the transferred mass is ejected from the vicinity of the compact star (so-called isotropic re-emission mass-loss mode, or SS433-like mass-loss), leading to gradual spiral-in. If the mass ratio of donor and black hole is >=3.5, these systems will go into common-envelope evolution and are less likely to survive. If they survive, they produce WR X-ray binaries with orbital periods of a few hours to one day. Several of the well-known WR+O binaries in our Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds, with orbital periods in the range between a week and several months, are expected to evolve into close WR-black hole binaries, which may later produce close double black holes. The galactic formation rate of double black holes resulting from such systems is still uncertain, as it depends on several poorly known factors in this evolutionary picture. It might possibly be as high as ∼10–5 yr–1.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: black holes - stars: Wolf-Rayet - X-rays: binaries - X-rays: binaries
Status at CDS:
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2017MNRAS.471.4256V and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu