Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 472, 254-272 (2017/November-3)
The morphological transformation of red sequence galaxies in clusters since z ∼ 1.
CERULO P., COUCH W.J., LIDMAN C., DEMARCO R., HUERTAS-COMPANY M., MEI S., SANCHEZ-JANSSEN R., BARRIENTOS L.F. and MUNOZ R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The study of galaxy morphology is fundamental to understand the physical processes driving the structural evolution of galaxies. It has long been known that dense environments host high fractions of early-type galaxies and low fractions of late-type galaxies, indicating that the environment affects the structural evolution of galaxies. In this paper, we present an analysis of the morphological composition of red sequence galaxies in a sample of nine galaxy clusters at 0.8 < z < 1.5 drawn from the HAWK-I Cluster Survey (HCS), with the aim of investigating the evolutionary paths of galaxies with different morphologies. We classify galaxies according to their apparent bulge-to-total light ratio and compare with red sequence galaxies from the lower redshift WIde-field Nearby Galaxy-cluster Survey (WINGS) and ESO Distant Cluster Survey (EDisCS). We find that, while the HCS red sequence is dominated by elliptical galaxies at all luminosities and stellar masses, the WINGS red sequence is dominated by elliptical galaxies only at its bright end (MV < -21.0 mag), while S0s become the most frequent class at fainter luminosities. Disc-dominated galaxies comprise 10-14 per cent of the red sequence population in the low (WINGS) and high (HCS) redshift samples, although their fraction increases up to 40 per cent at 0.4 < z < 0.8 (EDisCS). We find a 20 per cent increase in the fraction of S0 galaxies from z ∼ 1.5 to 0.05 on the red sequence. These results suggest that elliptical and S0 galaxies follow different evolutionary histories and, in particular, that S0 galaxies result, at least at intermediate luminosities (-22.0 < MV < -20.0), from the morphological transformation of quiescent spiral galaxies.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: structure
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