SIMBAD references

2017MNRAS.472.1659O - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 472, 1659-1676 (2017)

Improved measurements of turbulence in the hot gaseous atmospheres of nearby giant elliptical galaxies.

OGORZALEK A., ZHURAVLEVA I., ALLEN S.W., PINTO C., WERNER N., MANTZ A.B., CANNING R.E.A., FABIAN A.C., KAASTRA J.S. and DE PLAA J.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present significantly improved measurements of turbulent velocities in the hot gaseous haloes of nearby giant elliptical galaxies. Using deep XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) observations and a combination of resonance scattering and direct line broadening methods, we obtain well bounded constraints for 13 galaxies. Assuming that the turbulence is isotropic, we obtain a best-fitting mean 1D turbulent velocity of ∼110 km s–1. This implies a typical 3D Mach number ∼0.45 and a typical non-thermal pressure contribution of ∼6 per cent in the cores of nearby massive galaxies. The intrinsic scatter around these values is modest - consistent with zero, albeit with large statistical uncertainty - hinting at a common and quasi-continuous mechanism sourcing the velocity structure in these objects. Using conservative estimates of the spatial scales associated with the observed turbulent motions, we find that turbulent heating can be sufficient to offset radiative cooling in the inner regions of these galaxies (<10 kpc, typically 2-3 kpc). The full potential of our analysis methods will be enabled by future X-ray micro-calorimeter observations.

Abstract Copyright: 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): radiative transfer - turbulence - techniques: spectroscopic - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - X-rays: galaxies: clusters

Simbad objects: 28

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2021.03.07-04:20:02

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