Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 613A, 20-20 (2018/5-1)
The optical properties of galaxies in the Ophiuchus cluster.
DURRET F., WAKAMATSU K., ADAMI C., NAGAYAMA T. and OMEGA MULEKA MWEWA MWABA J.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. Ophiuchus is one of the most massive clusters known, but due to its low Galactic latitude its optical properties remain poorly known. Aims. We investigate the optical properties of Ophiuchus to obtain clues on the formation epoch of this cluster, and compare them to those of the Coma cluster, which is comparable in mass to Ophiuchus but much more dynamically disturbed. Methods. Based on a deep image of the Ophiuchus cluster in the r' band obtained at the Canada France Hawaii Telescope with the MegaCam camera, we have applied an iterative process to subtract the contribution of the numerous stars that, due to the low Galactic latitude of the cluster, pollute the image, and have obtained a photometric catalogue of 2818 galaxies fully complete at r'=20.5mag and still 91% complete at r'=21.5mag. We use this catalogue to derive the cluster Galaxy Luminosity Function (GLF) for the overall image and for a region (hereafter the "rectangle" region) covering exactly the same physical size as the region in which the GLF of the Coma cluster was previously studied. We then compute density maps based on an adaptive kernel technique, for different magnitude limits, and define three circular regions covering 0.08, 0.08, and 0.06deg2
, respectively, centred on the cluster (C), on northwest (NW) of the cluster, and southeast (SE) of the cluster, in which we compute the GLFs. Results. The GLF fits are much better when a Gaussian is added to the usual Schechter function, to account for the excess of very bright galaxies. Compared to Coma, Ophiuchus shows a strong excess of bright galaxies. Conclusions. The properties of the two nearby very massive clusters Ophiuchus and Coma are quite comparable, though they seem embedded in different large-scale environments. Our interpretation is that Ophiuchus was built up long ago, as confirmed by its relaxed state (see paper I, Durret et al., 2015A&A...583A.124D
) while Coma is still in the process of forming.
© ESO 2018
galaxies: clusters: individual: Ophiuchus - galaxies: luminosity function, mass function - galaxies: photometry
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/613/A20): tableb1.dat>
Table B.1: [DWA2018] OPH JHHMMSS.ss+DDMMSS N=2818.
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