Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 614A, 80-80 (2018/6-1)
Globular cluster chemistry in fast-rotating dwarf stars belonging to intermediate-age open clusters.
Abstract (from CDS):
The peculiar chemistry observed in multiple populations of Galactic globular clusters is not generally found in other systems such as dwarf galaxies and open clusters, and no model can currently fully explain it. Exploring the boundaries of the multiple-population phenomenon and the variation of its extent in the space of cluster mass, age, metallicity, and compactness has proven to be a fruitful line of investigation. In the framework of a larger project to search for multiple populations in open clusters that is based on literature and survey data, I found peculiar chemical abundance patterns in a sample of intermediate-age open clusters with publicly available data. More specifically, fast-rotating dwarf stars (v sin i >= 50 km s–1) that belong to four clusters (Pleiades, Ursa Major, Come Berenices, and Hyades) display a bimodality in either [Na/Fe] or [O/Fe], or both, with the low-Na and high-O peak more populated than the high-Na and low-O peak. Additionally, two clusters show a Na-O anti-correlation in the fast-rotating stars, and one cluster shows a large [Mg/Fe] variation in stars with high [Na/Fe], reaching the extreme Mg depletion observed in NGC 2808. Even considering that the sample sizes are small, these patterns call for attention in the light of a possible connection with the multiple population phenomenon of globular clusters. The specific chemistry observed in these fast-rotating dwarf stars is thought to be produced by a complex interplay of different diffusion and mixing mechanisms, such as rotational mixing and mass loss, which in turn are influenced by metallicity, binarity, mass, age, variability, and so on. However, with the sample in hand, it was not possible to identify which stellar parameters cause the observed Na and O bimodality and Na-O anti-correlation. This suggests that other stellar properties might be important in addition to stellar rotation. Stellar binarity might influence the rotational properties and enhance rotational mixing and mass loss of stars in a dense environment like that of clusters (especially globulars). In conclusion, rotation and binarity appear as a promising research avenue for better understanding multiple stellar populations in globular clusters; this is certainly worth exploring further.
© ESO, 2018
stars: abundances - globular clusters: general - open clusters and associations: general - stars: rotation - binaries: general
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