Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 617A, 31-31 (2018/9-1)
Revisiting the case of R Monocerotis: Is CO removed at R < 20 au?
ALONSO-ALBI T., RIVIERE-MARICHALAR P., FUENTE A., PACHECO-VAZQUEZ S., MONTESINOS B., BACHILLER R. and TREVINO-MORALES S.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. To our knowledge, R Mon is the only B0 star in which a gaseous Keplerian disk has been detected. However, there is some controversy about the spectral type of R Mon. Some authors propose that it could be a later B8e star, where disks are more common.
Aims. Our goal is to re-evaluate the R Mon spectral type and characterize its protoplanetary disk.
Methods. The spectral type of R Mon has been re-evaluated using the available continuum data and UVES emission lines. We used a power-law disk model to fit previous 12CO 1-0 and 2-1 interferometric observations and the PACS CO data to investigate the disk structure. Interferometric detections of 13CO J=1-0, HCO+ 1-0, and CN 1-0 lines using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI) are presented. The HCN 1-0 line was not detected.
Results. Our analysis confirms that R Mon is a B0 star. The disk model compatible with the 12CO 1-0 and 2-1 interferometric observations falls short of predicting the observed fluxes of the 14<Ju<31 PACS lines; this is consistent with the scenario in which some contribution to these lines is coming from a warm envelope and/or UV-illuminated outflow walls. More interestingly, the upper limits to the fluxes of the Ju>31 CO lines suggest the existence of a region empty of CO at R≥20au in the protoplanetary disk. The intense emission of the HCO+ and CN lines shows the strong influence of UV photons on gas chemistry.
Conclusions. The observations gathered in this paper are consistent with the presence of a transition disk with a cavity of Rin≥20au around R Mon. This size is similar to the photoevaporation radius that supports the interpretation that UV photoevaporation is main disk dispersal mechanism in massive stars
© ESO 2018
circumstellar matter - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: formation
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/617/A31): list.dat fits/*>
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