Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 620A, 139-139 (2018/12-1)
Incidence of planet candidates in open clusters and a planet confirmation.
LEAO I.C., CANTO MARTINS B.L., ALVES S., PEREIRA DE OLIVEIRA G., CORTES C., BRUCALASSI A., MELO C.H.F., DE FREITAS D.B., PASQUINI L. and DE MEDEIROS J.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. Detecting exoplanets in clusters of different ages is a powerful tool for understanding a number of open questions, such as how the occurrence rate of planets depends on stellar metallicity, on mass, or on stellar environment.
Aims. We present the first results of our HARPS long-term radial velocity (RV) survey which aims to discover exoplanets around intermediate-mass (between ∼2 and 6M☉) evolved stars in open clusters.
Methods. We selected 826 bona fide HARPS observations of 114 giants from an initial list of 29 open clusters and computed the half-peak to peak variability of the HARPS RV measurements, namely ΔRV/2, for each target, to search for the best planet-host candidates. We also performed time series analyses for a few targets for which we have enough observations to search for orbital solutions.
Results. Although we attempted to rule out the presence of binaries on the basis of previous surveys, we detected 14 new binary candidates in our sample, most of them identified from a comparison between HARPS and CORAVEL data. We also suggest 11 new planet-host candidates based on a relation between the stellar surface gravity and ΔRV/2. Ten of the candidates are less than 3M☉, showing evidence of a low planet occurrence rate for massive stars. One of the planet-host candidates and one of the binary candidates show very clear RV periodic variations, allowing us to confirm the discovery of a new planet and to compute the orbital solution for the binary. The planet is IC 4651 9122b, with a minimum mass of msini=6.3MJ and a semimajor axis a=2.0AU. The binary companion is NGC 5822 201B, with a very low minimum mass of msini=0.11M☉ and a semimajor axis a=6.5AU, which is comparable to the Jupiter distance to the Sun.
© ESO 2018
planetary systems - open clusters and associations: general - stars: late-type - binaries: spectroscopic - techniques: radial velocities
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/620/A139): tablea1.dat rv.dat>
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