C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.10.15CEST19:45:29

2018AJ....155..198A - Astron. J., 155, 198-198 (2018/May-0)

Optical and near-infrared radial velocity content of M dwarfs: testing models with Barnard's star.


Abstract (from CDS):

High-precision radial velocity (RV) measurements have been central in the study of exoplanets during the last two decades, from the early discovery of hot Jupiters, to the recent mass measurements of Earth-sized planets uncovered by transit surveys. While optical RV is now a mature field, there is currently a strong effort to push the technique into the near-infrared domain (chiefly Y, J, H, and K bandpasses) to probe planetary systems around late-type stars. The combined lower mass and luminosity of M dwarfs leads to an increased reflex RV signal for planets in the habitable zone compared to Sun-like stars. The estimates on the detectability of planets rely on various instrumental characteristics but also on a prior knowledge of the stellar spectrum. While the overall properties of M dwarf spectra have been extensively tested against observations, the same is not true for their detailed line profiles, which leads to significant uncertainties when converting a given signal-to-noise ratio to a corresponding RV precision as attainable on a given spectrograph. By combining archival CRIRES and HARPS data with ESPaDOnS data of Barnard's star, we show that state-of-the-art atmosphere models over-predict the Y- and J-band RV content by more than a factor of ∼2, while under-predicting the H- and K-band content by half.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): techniques: radial velocities - instrumentation: spectrographs - methods: data analysis - stars: low-mass

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
1 V* V645 Cen Fl* 14 29 42.9451234609 -62 40 46.170818907 14.21 12.95 11.13 9.45 7.41 M5.5Ve 884 0
2 NAME Barnard's star BY* 17 57 48.4997994034 +04 41 36.111354228 12.497 11.24 9.511 8.298 6.741 M4V 622 2
3 * 51 Peg ** 22 57 27.9804167474 +20 46 07.782240714 6.39 6.16 5.46 4.97 4.61 G2IV 1056 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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