Survey observations to study chemical evolution from high-mass starless cores to high-mass protostellar objects. I. HC3N and HC5N.
TANIGUCHI K., SAITO M., SRIDHARAN T.K. and MINAMIDANI T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We carried out survey observations of HC3N and HC5N in the 42-45 GHz band toward 17 high-mass starless cores (HMSCs) and 35 high-mass protostellar objects (HMPOs) with the Nobeyama 45 m radio telescope. We have detected HC3N from 15 HMSCs and 28 HMPOs, and HC5N from 5 HMSCs and 14 HMPOs, respectively. The average values of the column density of HC3N are found to be (5.7±0.7)×1012 and (1.03±0.12)×1013 cm–2 in HMSCs and HMPOs, respectively. The average values of the fractional abundance of HC3N are derived to be (6.6±0.8)×10–11 and (3.6±0.5)×10–11 in HMSCs and HMPOs, respectively. We find that the fractional abundance of HC3N decreases from HMSCs to HMPOs using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. On the other hand, its average value of the column density slightly increases from HMSCs to HMPOs. This may imply that HC3N is newly formed in dense gas in HMPO regions. We also investigate the relationship between the column density of HC3N in HMPOs and the luminosity-to-mass ratio (L/M), a physical evolutional indicator. The column density of HC3N tends to decrease with the increase of the L/M ratio, which suggests that HC3N is destroyed by the stellar activities.