SIMBAD references

2018ApJ...856...74K - Astrophys. J., 856, 74-74 (2018/March-3)

Demonstration of a novel method for measuring mass-loss rates for massive stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

The rate at which massive stars eject mass in stellar winds significantly influences their evolutionary path. Cosmic rates of nucleosynthesis, explosive stellar phenomena, and compact object genesis depend on this poorly known facet of stellar evolution. We employ an unexploited observational technique for measuring the mass-loss rates of O and early-B stars. Our approach, which has no adjustable parameters, uses the principle of pressure equilibrium between the stellar wind and the ambient interstellar medium for a high-velocity star generating an infrared bow shock nebula. Results for 20 bow-shock-generating stars show good agreement with two sets of theoretical predictions for O5-O9.5 main-sequence stars, yielding {dot}M = 1.3 x 10–6 to 2 x 10–9 Myr–1. Although {dot}M values derived for this sample are smaller than theoretical expectations by a factor of about two, this discrepancy is greatly reduced compared to canonical mass-loss methods. Bow-shock-derived mass-loss rates are factors of 10 smaller than Hα-based measurements (uncorrected for clumping) for similar stellar types and are nearly an order of magnitude larger than P4+ and some other diagnostics based on UV absorption lines. Ambient interstellar densities of at least several cm–3 appear to be required for formation of a prominent infrared bow shock nebula. Measurements of {dot}M for early-B stars are not yet compelling owing to the small number in our sample and the lack of clear theoretical predictions in the regime of lower stellar luminosities. These results may constitute a partial resolution of the extant "weak-wind problem" for late-O stars. The technique shows promise for determining mass-loss rates in the weak-wind regime.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - H II regions - stars: massive - surveys

Simbad objects: 30

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