Astrophys. J., 856, 126-126 (2018/April-1)
The Next Generation Virgo Cluster Survey (NGVS). XVIII. Measurement and calibration of surface brightness fluctuation distances for bright galaxies in Virgo (and beyond).
CANTIELLO M., BLAKESLEE J.P., FERRARESE L., COTE P., ROEDIGER J.C., RAIMONDO G., PENG E.W., GWYN S., DURRELL P.R. and CUILLANDRE J.-C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We describe a program to measure surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distances to galaxies observed in the Next Generation Virgo Cluster Survey (NGVS), a photometric imaging survey covering 104 deg2 of the Virgo cluster in the u*, g, i, and z bandpasses with the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. We describe the selection of the sample galaxies, the procedures for measuring the apparent i-band SBF magnitude i, and the calibration of the absolute Mibar as a function of observed stellar population properties. The multiband NGVS data set provides multiple options for calibrating the SBF distances, and we explore various calibrations involving individual color indices as well as combinations of two different colors. Within the color range of the present sample, the two-color calibrations do not significantly improve the scatter with respect to wide-baseline, single-color calibrations involving u*. We adopt the (u* -z) calibration as a reference for the present galaxy sample, with an observed scatter of 0.11 mag. For a few cases that lack good u* photometry, we use an alternative relation based on a combination of (g-i) and (g-z) colors, with only a slightly larger observed scatter of 0.12 mag. The agreement of our measurements with the best existing distance estimates provides confidence that our measurements are accurate. We present a preliminary catalog of distances for 89 galaxies brighter than BT ≃ 13.0 mag within the survey footprint, including members of the background M and W Clouds at roughly twice the distance of the main body of the Virgo cluster. The extension of the present work to fainter and bluer galaxies is in progress.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
distance scale - galaxies: clusters: individual: Virgo - galaxies: distances and redshifts
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